Advertisement

Wheat pp 382-402 | Cite as

In Vitro Production of Haploids in Triticale

  • G. Schumann
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 13)

Abstract

In much of the contemporary discussion about the role of anther culture in fundamental genetics as well as plant breeding it has been assumed that what has been possible with model plants can also be accomplished with important cereals like triticale. Unfortunately, the fact is that severe difficulties have been faced in the application of anther culture techniques to most of the important cereals. Major problems must be resolved before haploid production via anther culture can be readily and effectively applied to triticale. Two of the basic requirements for the application of anther culture techniques to plant improvement are the induction of sporophytic development from each genotype and the regeneration of green plants.

Keywords

Anther Culture Donor Plant Haploid Plant Haploid Production Hexaploid Triticale 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bernard S (1977) Étude de quelques facteurs contribuant à la réussite de l’androgenèse par culture d’ anthères in vitro chez le triticale hexaploïde. Ann Amelior Plantes 27: 639–655Google Scholar
  2. Bernard S (1980) In vitro androgenesis in hexaploid triticale: determination of physical conditions increasing embryoid and green plant production. Z Pflanzenzucht 85: 308–321Google Scholar
  3. Bernard S, Charmet G (1985) Improvement of haploid production through in vitro anther culture in hexaploid triticale. Genetics and breeding of triticale. In: EUCARPIA Meet Clermont-Ferrand, Fr. 2–5 July 1984. INRA, Paris, pp 305–316Google Scholar
  4. Bernard S, Picard E, de Buyser J (1976) Obtention de plantes haploïdes de triticale hexaploides (x Triticosecale Wittmack) par culture in vitro d’ anthères. C R Acad Sci Paris Ser D 283: 235–238Google Scholar
  5. Blaydes DF (1966) Interaction of kinetin and various inhibitors in the growth of soybean tissue. Physiol Plant 19: 748–753CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Charmet G (1985) Chromosome structure androgenetic plants in hexaploid triticale. In: Genetics and breeding of triticale, EUCARPIA Meet Clermont-Ferrand, Fr, 2–5 July 1984, INRA, Paris, pp 317–328Google Scholar
  7. Charmet G, Bernard S (1984) Diallel analysis of androgenetic plant production in hexaploid triticale (Triticosecale, Wittmack ). Theor Appl Genet 69: 55–61Google Scholar
  8. Charmet G, Bernard S, Bernard M (1986) Origin of aneuploid plants obtained by anther culture in triticale. Can J Genet Cytol 28: 444–452Google Scholar
  9. Chen Y, Li LT (1978) Investigation and utilization of pollen-derived haploid plants in rice and wheat. In: Proc Symp Plant tissue culture, Peking, May 25–30. Science Press, pp 199–211Google Scholar
  10. Chien YC, Kao KN (1983) Effects of osmolality, cytokinin and organic acids on pollen callus formation in triticale anthers. Can J Bot 61: 639–641CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Chu CC (1978) The N6 medium and its applications to anther culture of cereal crops. In: Proc Symp Plant tissue culture, Peking, May 25–30. Science Press, pp 43–50Google Scholar
  12. Chuang CC, Ouyang TW, Chia H, Chou SM, Ching CK (1978) A set of potato media for wheat anther culture. In: Proc Symp Plant tissue culture, Peking, May 25–30. Science Press, pp 51–56Google Scholar
  13. Clapham DH (1977) Haploid induction in cereals. In: Reinert J, Bajaj YPS (eds) Applied and fundamental aspects of plant cell, tissue, and organ culture. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 279–298Google Scholar
  14. de Buyser J, Henry Y, Taleb G (1985) Wheat androgenesis: Cytogenetical analysis and agronomic performance of doubled haploids. Z Pflanzenzucht 95: 23–34Google Scholar
  15. Dunwell JM, Francis RJ, Powell W (1987) Anther culture of Hordeum vulgare L.: a genetic study of microspore callus production and differentiation. Theor Appl Genet 74: 60–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Foroughi-Wehr B, Friedt W, Wenzel G (1982) On the genetic improvement of androgenetic haploid formation in Hordeum vulgare L. Theor Appl Genet 62: 233–239Google Scholar
  17. Gamborg OL, Miller RA, Ojima K (1968) Nutrient requirements of suspension cultures of soybean root cells. Exp Cell Res 50: 151–158PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Heberle-Bors E (1985) In vitro haploid formation from pollen: a critical review. Theor Appl Genet 71: 361–374CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kao KN (1981) Plant formation from barley anther cultures with Ficoll media. Z Pflanzenphysiol 103: 437–443Google Scholar
  20. Kudirka DT, Schaeffer GW, Baenziger PS (1983) Cytogenetic characteristics of wheat regenerated from anther calli of Centurk. Can J Genet Cytol 25: 513–517Google Scholar
  21. Lazar MD, Schaeffer GW, Baenziger PS (1984a) Cultivar and cultivar x environment effects on the development of callus and polyhaploid plants from anther cultures of wheat. Theor Appl Genet 67: 273–277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lazar MD, Baenziger PS, Schaeffer GW (1984b) Combining abilities and heritabilities of callus formation and plantlet regeneration in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) anther cultures. Theor Appl Genet 68: 131–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Liang CC, Chou YH, Chen WM (1978) A study of submicroscopic structure and metabolic blocks in the albino anther plants of rice. In: Proc Symp Plant tissue culture, Peking, May 25–30. Science Press, pp 161–166Google Scholar
  24. Linsmaier EM, Skoog F (1965) Organic growth factor requirements of tobacco tissue culture. Physiol Plant 18: 100–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lukjanjuk SF, Ignatova SA (1986) III. 2 Triticale: Production of haploid and homozygous plants. In: Bajaj YPS (ed) Biotechnology in agriculture and forestry, vol 2: Crops I. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 530–543Google Scholar
  26. Miller CO (1963) Kinetin and kinetin-like compounds. In: Linskens HF, Tracey MV (ed) ModerneGoogle Scholar
  27. Methoden der Pflanzenanalyse, vol 6. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg Göttingen, pp 194–202Google Scholar
  28. Murashige T, Skoog F (1962) A revised medium for rapid growth and bioassays with tobacco tissue cultures. Physiol Plant 15: 473–497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Ono H, Larter EN (1976) Anther culture of triticale. Crop Sci 16: 120–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Orlikowska T (1977) Induction of androgenesis in vitro in Secale cereale and Triticale. Genet Pol 18: 51–59Google Scholar
  31. Pohler W, Schumann G, Sulze M, Kummer IM (1988) Cytological investigations in callus tissue and regenerated plants from Triticale anther culture. Biol Zentralbl 107: 643–652Google Scholar
  32. Ryöppy P, Honkanen J, Tigerstedt PMA (1986) Increasing the efficiency of triticale anther culture. In: Horn W, Jensen CJ, Odenbach W, Schieder O (eds) Genetic manipulation in plant breeding.Google Scholar
  33. Proc Int Symp EUCARPIA, Berlin (West), Sept. 8–13, 1985. De Gruyter, Berlin, pp 339–341Google Scholar
  34. Schmid J, Winzeler H, Fried PM, Kleijer G (1985) Die Anwendung der Antherenkulturmethode in der Getreidezüchtung der Schweiz. Mitt Schweiz Landwirtsch 8: 187–233Google Scholar
  35. Schumann G (1986) Beeinflussung morphogenetischer Prozesse durch Temperaturvorstimulation in Antherenkulturen von Triticale. Arch Züchtungsforsch 16: 153–159Google Scholar
  36. Schumann G (1987a) Morphologisch-anatomische und physiologische Untersuchungen zur Antherenkultur von 6 X -Triticale. Berlin, Akad Landwirtschafts-Wiss DDR, Ber Pflanzenproduktionsforsch, Berlin, Diss A 1987, 123 ppGoogle Scholar
  37. Schumann G (1987b) Zytologisch-histologische Untersuchungen in Triticale-Antherenkulturen. Arch Züchtungsforsch 17: 17–25Google Scholar
  38. Schumann G (1987c) Untersuchungen zu morphogenetischen Reaktionen in Antherenkulturen von 6 X -Triticale. Arch Züchtungsforsch 17: 27–36Google Scholar
  39. Schumann G (1987d) Zur Morphologie und Entwicklung androgenetischer Makrostructuren in Antherenkulturen von Triticale. Arch Züchtungsforsch 17: 245–257Google Scholar
  40. Schumann G (1987e) A useful liquid medium with Dextran 70 for anther culture of triticale. In: Symp 100. Wiederkehr der Berufung von W. Pfeffer auf den Leipziger Lehrstuhl für Botanik, Leipzig, 10.-12. Juni, Abstr, p 71Google Scholar
  41. Schumann G (1988) Untersuchungen zum Albinismus in Antherenkulturen von Triticale. Arch Züchtungsforsch 18: 115–122Google Scholar
  42. Schumann G, Hoffmann B (1989) Some pros and cons in using potato extract medium in anther culture of triticale and wheat. Arch Züchtungsforsch 19: 21–27Google Scholar
  43. Schumann G, Keller ERJ, Franke R, Leike H, Lukjanjuk SF, Ignatova SA (1984) Triticale anther culture. In: Int Symp Genetic manipulation in crops, Beijing, Oct 22–26, Abstr, p 14Google Scholar
  44. Sharma GC, Wang WC, Sapra VT (1982) Effect of genotype, media and temperature pretreatment on callus initiation in triticale, wheat and rye anther cultures. Cereal Res Commun 10: 143–150Google Scholar
  45. Sisodia NS, McGinnis RC (1970) New methods of utilizing wheat and rye germplasm in triticale breeding. Crop Sci 10: 9–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Snape JW, Simpson E, Parker BB, Friedt W (1986) Criteria for the selection and use of doubled haploid systems in cereals. In: Horn W, Jensen CJ, Odenbach W, Schieder O (eds) Genetic manipulation in plant breeding.Google Scholar
  47. Proc Int Symp EUCARPIA, Berlin (West), Sept 8–13. De Gruyter, Berlin, pp 217–229Google Scholar
  48. Sozinov A, Lukjanjuk S, Ignatova S (1981) Anther cultivation and induction of haploid plants in triticale. Z Pflanzenzücht 86: 272–285Google Scholar
  49. Sun CS, Wang CC, Chu CC (1973) Cytological studies on the androgenesis of triticale. Acta Bot Sin 15: 163–173Google Scholar
  50. Sun CS, Wang CC, Chu CC (1974) Cell division and differentiation of pollen grains in triticale anthers cultured in vitro. Sci Sin 17: 47–51Google Scholar
  51. Sun CS, Wu SC, Wang CC, Chu CC (1979) The deficiency of soluble proteins and plastid ribosomal RNA in the albino pollen plantlets of rice. Theor Appl Genet 55: 193–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Sun JS, Zhu ZQ, Wang JJ, Tigerstedt PMA (1980) Studies on anther culture in triticale. Acta Bot Sin 22: 27–31Google Scholar
  53. Sunderland N, Dunwell JM (1974) Pathways in pollen embryogenesis. In: Street HE (ed) Tissue culture and plant science. Academic Press, New York London, pp 141–167Google Scholar
  54. Wang CC, Sun CS, Chu CC, Wu SC (1978) Studies on the albino pollen plantlets of rice. In: Proc Symp Plant tissue culture, Peking, May 25–30, Science Press, pp 149–160Google Scholar
  55. Wang X, Hu H (1984) The effect of potato II medium for triticale anther culture. Plant Sci Lett 36: 237–239CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Wang YY, Sun CS, Wang CC, Chien NF (1973) The induction of pollen plantlets of triticale and Capsicum annuum from anther culture. Sci Sin 16: 147–151Google Scholar
  57. Wernicke W, Kohlenbach HW (1976) Investigations on liquid culture medium as a means of anther culture in Nicotiana. Z Pflanzenphysiol 79: 189–198Google Scholar
  58. Winzeler H, Schmid J, Fried PM (1987) Field performance of androgenetic doubled haploid spring wheat lines in comparison with lines selected by the pedigree system. Plant Breed 99: 41–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Schumann
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Breeding Research of the Academy of Agriculture ScienceQuedlinburgGermany

Personalised recommendations