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U Uranium pp 1-277 | Cite as

Compounds of Uranium with Carbon

  • H. Holleck
  • H. Kleykamp
Part of the Gmelin Handbook of Inorganic Chemistry / Gmelin Handbuch der Anorganischen Chemie book series (GMELIN, volume U / A-E / C / 12)

Abstract

The carbides of uranium have aquired special importance as the main components of potential carbide nuclear fuels because of their high fissionable material density and good thermal conductivity. Uranium monocarbide is the main component in a possible carbide fuel for breeder reactors, e.g. (U0.8Pu0.2)C. Uranium dicarbide draws special interest as the major component in fuels for high temperature reactors, e.g. (U0.8Th0.2)C2. As a consequence of this great technological interest, in the last thirty years much research work has been done and most of it has been also published. The goal of this work was to increase the knowledge of the synthesis and properties of uranium carbide-containing systems. Many of these investigations, however, were carried out from a technical rather than a scientific viewpoint. Consequently, impurities that were difficult to eliminate, such as oxygen and nitrogen, influenced and often caused considerable contradictions in the results. In general, because of the political and economic difficulties with advanced nuclear reactors, interest in carbide fuels has decreased in the last ten years and almost all of the effort has been concentrated on oxide fuels.

Keywords

Isothermal Section Normal Spectral Emissivity Transverse Rupture Strength Compressive Yield Stress Ternary Carbide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Holleck
    • 1
  • H. Kleykamp
    • 1
  1. 1.Kernforschungszentrum KarlsruheInstitut für Material- und FestkörperforschungKarlsruheFederal Republic of Germany

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