Agents operating in a common society need to be constrained in order to avoid and address conflicts, make agreements, reduce complexity, and, generally, to achieve a desirable social order [28, 30, 31, 124]. This is the role of norms, which represent what ought to be done by a set of agents, and whose fulfillment can be seen as a public good when the benefits that they bring can be enjoyed by the society, organisation or group . Norms thus represent the means to achieve the societal goals of a society. Research on norms and agents has ranged from fundamental work on the importance of norms in agent behaviour [31, 170] to proposing internal representations of norms [29,171], considering their emergence in groups of agents , and proposing logics for their formalisation [147, 177].
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