Trees IV pp 138-154 | Cite as

Fagus sylvatica L. (European Beech)

  • V. Chalupa
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 35)


Beeches are deciduous trees belonging to the family Fagaceae. The genus Fagus includes eight to ten species, native to the temperate regions of Europe, Asia, and North America (Table 1). They grow to a height of 20–50 m, and are often dominant or codominant trees in temperate forests. They are important timber trees, planted for reforestation and as ornamentals. They are lime-tolerant, and are found on light to medium soil. They also thrive well on other fertile soil, anywhere on hills or mountains, provided drainage is good.


Somatic Embryo Somatic Embryogenesis Fagus Sylvatica Shoot Multiplication Embryogenic Tissue 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ahuja MR (1984a) Isolation and culture of mesophyll protoplasts from mature beech trees. Silvae Genet 33: 37–39Google Scholar
  2. Ahuja MR (1984b) In vitro induction of organogenesis in juvenile and mature beech. Silvae Genet 33: 241–242Google Scholar
  3. Chalupa V (1979) In vitro propagation of some broad-leaved forest trees. Commun Inst For Cech 11: 159–170Google Scholar
  4. Chalupa V (1982) Vegetative propagation of broadleaved trees by cuttings. Lesnictvi (Forestry) 28: 21–30Google Scholar
  5. Chalupa V (1983) Micropropagation of conifer and broadleaved forest trees. Commun Inst For Cech 13: 7–39Google Scholar
  6. Chalupa V (1985) In vitro propagation of Larix, Picea, Pinus, Quercus, Fagus and other species using adenine-type cytokinins and thidiazuron. Commun Inst For Cech 14: 65–90Google Scholar
  7. Chalupa V (1987a) Somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration in Picea, Quercus, Betula, Tilia, Robinia, Fagus, and Aesculus. Commun Inst For Cech 15: 133–148Google Scholar
  8. Chalupa V (1987b) European hardwoods. In: Bonga JM, Durzan DJ (eds) Cell and tissue culture in forestry, vol 3. Martinus Nijhoff, Dordrecht, pp 224–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chalupa V (1990a) Vegetative propagation of oak (Quercus robur L.), beech (Fagus sylvatica L.), and linden (Tilia cordata Mill) by cuttings and explant culture. Lesnictvi (Forestry) 36: 589–598Google Scholar
  10. Chalupa V (1990b) Plant regeneration by somatic embryogenesis from cultured immature embryos of oak (Quercus robur L.) and linden (Tilia cordata Mill). Plant Cell Rep 9: 398–401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Chalupa V (1992) Micropropagation of European mountain ash (Sorbus aucuparia L.) and wild service tree (Sorbus torminalis (L) Cr). In: Bajaj YPS (ed) Biotechnology in agriculture and forestry, vol 18. High-tech and micropropagation II. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 211–226Google Scholar
  12. Chalupa V (1993) Vegetative propagation of oak (Quercus robur and Q. petraea) by cutting and tissue culture. Ann Sci For 50 (Suppl 1): 295s-307sCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Chalupa V (1995) Somatic embryogenesis in oak (Quercus spp). In: Jain S, Gupta S, Newton R (eds) Somatic embryogenesis in woody plants, vol 2. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 67–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Driver JA, Kuniyuki AH (1984) In vitro propagation of paradox walnut rootstock. HortScience 19: 507–509Google Scholar
  15. Gebhardt K, Weisgerber H (1990) Viability and in vitro growth of shoot tips from adult beech. In: Abstr VIIth Int Congr Plant Tissue Cell Cult, IAPTC, Amsterdam, pp 101Google Scholar
  16. Gøhrn V (1972) Provenance and progeny trials with European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.). Forstl Forsägsvaes Dan 33: 82–213Google Scholar
  17. Gresshoff PM, Doy CH (1972) Development and differentiation of haploid Lycopersicon esculentum (tomato). Planta 107: 161–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Jacquiot C (1966) Plant tissues and excised organs cultures and their significance in forest research. J Inst Wood Sci 16: 22–34Google Scholar
  19. Jörgensen J (1988) Embryogenesis in Quercus petraea and Fagus sylvatica. J Plant Physiol 132: 638–640CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Jörgensen J (1991) Androgenesis in Quercus petraea, Fagus sylvatica and Aesculus hippocastanum. In: Ahuja MR (ed) Woody plant biotechnology. Plenum Press, New York, pp 353–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kao KN, Michayluk MR (1975) Nutritional requirements for growth of Vicia hajastana cells and protoplasts at very low population density in liquid media. Planta 126: 105–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lang H, Kohlenbach HW (1988) Callus formation from mesophyll protoplasts of Fagus sylvatica L. Plant Cell Rep 7: 485–488CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lang H, Kohlenbach HW (1991) Protoplast culture from Fagus, Ulmus and Abies. In: Ahuja MR (ed) Woody plant biotechnology. Plenum Press, New York, pp 339–340CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lloyd G, McCown B (1980) Commercially-feasible micropropagation of mountain laurel, Kalmia latifolia, by use of shoot-tip culture. Comb Proc Int Plant Prop Soc 30: 421–427Google Scholar
  25. Meier K, Reuther G (1991) Positional and rejuvenation effects of micropropagation of mature Fagus sylvatica L. In: Ahuja MR (ed) Woody plant biotechnology. Plenum Press, New York, p 333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Meier K, Reuther G (1994) Factors controlling micropropagation of mature Fagus sylvatica. Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult 39: 231–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Muhle O, Kappich I (1979) Erste Ergebnisse eines Buchen—Provenienz und Verbandsversuchs im Forstamt Bramwald. Forstarchiv 50: 65–69Google Scholar
  28. Murashige T, Skoog F (1962) A revised medium for rapid growth and bioassays with tobacco tissue cultures. Physiol Plant 15: 473–497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Nadel BL, Altman A, Pleban S, Hüttermann A (1991a) In vitro development of mature Fagus sylvatica L. buds. I. The effect of medium and plant growth regulators on bud growth and protein profiles. J Plant Physiol 138: 596–601CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Nadel BL, Altman A, Pleban S, Kocks R, Hüttermann A (1991b) In vitro development of mature Fagus sylvatica L. buds. II. Seasonal changes in the response to plant growth regulators. J Plant Physiol 138: 136–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Schenk RU, Hildebrandt AC (1972) Medium and techniques for induction and growth of monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plant cell cultures. Can J Bot 50: 199–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Teissier du Cros E, Le Tacon F, Nepveu G (eds) (1981) Le hêtre. INRA, Paris, 613 pGoogle Scholar
  33. Vieitez AM, San-José MC (1996) Plantlet regeneration from Fagus sylvatica leaf explants in vitro. In Vitro Cell Dev Biol (in press)Google Scholar
  34. Vieitez AM, Ferro EM, Ballester A (1993) Micropropagation of Fagus sylvatica L. In Vitro Cell Dev Biol 29P: 183–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Vieitez FJ, Ballester A, Vieitez AM (1992) Somatic embryogenesis and plantlet regeneration from suspension cultures of Fagus sylvatica L. Plant Cell Rep 11: 609–613.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Chalupa
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of ForestryCzech University of AgriculturePraha 6-SuchdolCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations