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Trees IV pp 120-137 | Cite as

Cyphomandra betacea (Cav.) Sendtn. (Tamarillo)

  • M. L. Guimarães
  • M. C. Tomé
  • G. S. Cruz
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 35)

Abstract

Cyphomandra betacea (Cay.) Sendtn., commonly known as tamarillo, tree tomato, or tomato de La Paz, is a member of the family Solanaceae. This species was first described in 1801 by Cavanilles under the name Solanum betaceum and later (1845) transferred to the genus Cyphomandra by Sendtner. The plant (Fig. 1A) is a small, soft-wooded, perennial tree attaining the height of 2 to 4 m, which has large (15 to 30 cm long, 10 to 20 cm wide), broadly cordate-ovate leaves generally confined to the termination of the branches. The flowers are small, pinkish in color, and appear from mid-Spring to mid-Summer in small groups at, or close to, the axil of the leaves, near the ends of the branches. The egg-shaped, purple red or orange-yellow fruits (Fig. 1B) are available from October to April (Plantiveau 1964).

Keywords

Somatic Embryo Somatic Embryogenesis Leaf Disk Embryogenic Callus Zygotic Embryo 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. L. Guimarães
    • 1
  • M. C. Tomé
    • 1
  • G. S. Cruz
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of CoimbraCoimbra CodexPortugal

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