Trees IV pp 31-49 | Cite as

Anacardium occidentale L. (Cashewnut)

  • L. D’Souza
  • I. D’Silva
  • S. Mallya
  • A. C. Augustine
  • K. Rajendra
  • K. R. Kulkarni
  • V. Cardoza
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 35)


Cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.), belonging to the family Anacardiaceae, is an evergreen tree with a dome-shaped canopy which almost touches the ground (Fig. 1A). According to Ohler (1979), there are few trees as beautiful as a tall cashew tree. The stout branches arise very low on the trunk and some of them trail on the ground. The bark is thick, resinous, and scaly. The wood is yellow, moderately soft, light, having a relative density of 0.50 (Tavares 1959). The leaves are simple, glabrous, obovate, thickly coriaceous, often notched at the apex. The tree normally comes to flowering in 3 to 5 years. The inflorescence is an indeterminate panicle of which 96% of the flowers are staminate (Johnson 1973). Rao and Hassan (1957a) describe two distinct growth flushes and emergence of panicles on shoots during October and January. The flowers are essentially cross-pollinated (Wait and Jamieson 1986). The pollination is totally dependent on insects (Reddi 1992).


Multiple Shoot Cotyledonary Node Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult Coconut Milk Anacardic Acid 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. D’Souza
    • 1
  • I. D’Silva
    • 2
  • S. Mallya
    • 1
  • A. C. Augustine
    • 1
  • K. Rajendra
    • 1
  • K. R. Kulkarni
    • 1
  • V. Cardoza
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Applied BiologySt. Aloysius CollegeMangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Department of BiochemistryUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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