Trees IV pp 345-358 | Cite as

Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir. (Fraser Fir)

  • Carole H. Saravitz
  • Frank A. Blazich
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 35)


The genus Abies Mill. (firs) is one of the largest in the Pinaceae (Krüssman 1985). Liu (1971) provided a taxonomic monograph of the genus Abies, and reported that it included two subgenera with 15 sections composed of 39 species, 27 varieties, and 9 hybrids. The genus was characterized morphologically by: (1) a peculiar resin commonly termed balsam, (2) buds on lateral branches often arranged hastately, (3) branchlets marked with circular disk-like leaf scars, (4) solitary male flowers (the genus is monecious) having short horizontal knob-like projections at the posterior portion of stamens and their anthers opening by a transverse slit, (5) erect and often variously colored cones with thin cone scales and bract scales separating from the cone axis upon seed maturity, and (6) seeds having resin vescicles infolded by the lower part of their thin wings. The wood consists only of tracheids and rays without normal resin canals. The tracheids have bordered, taxodioid pits.


Somatic Embryo Somatic Embryogenesis Immature Embryo Seed Orchard Stem Cutting 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carole H. Saravitz
    • 1
  • Frank A. Blazich
    • 2
  1. 1.PhytotronNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA
  2. 2.Department of Horticultural ScienceNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

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