Advertisement

Trees IV pp 244-268 | Cite as

Paeonia Species (Tree Peonies)

  • A. C. James
  • R. A. Harris
  • S. H. Mantell
Chapter
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 35)

Abstract

Tree peonies are largely grown for their large and showy flowers (P. suffruticosa cultivars and hybrids) and ornamental foliage (Plutea and P. delavayi). In China and Japan extracts made from the fleshy roots of P. suffruticosa are used in traditional medicinal preparations and cosmetics. Figure 1 shows a mature plant of P. suffruticosa subsp. rockii in bloom.

Keywords

Somatic Embryo Zygotic Embryo Tree Peony Shoot Multiplication Medium Shoot Multiplication Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Allen T (1987) Peony ‘Joseph Rock’. The Garden 112 (1): 27–28Google Scholar
  2. Anon (1977) Correlations between phylogeny, chemical constituents and pharmaceutical aspects of plants and applications to drug research. Chinese Academy of Sciences. Acta Botanica Sinica 19(3): 172–181Google Scholar
  3. Bold H (1973) Division Anthophyta I. In: Morphology of plants, 3rd edn. Harper Row, New York, pp 593–610Google Scholar
  4. Bouza L, Sotta B, Bonnet M, Jacques M, Arnaud Y (1992) Hormone content and meristematic activity of Paeonia suffruticosa. Andr. cv. ‘Madame de Vatry’ vitroplants during in vitro rooting. Acta Hortic 320: 213–216Google Scholar
  5. Bouza L, Jacques M, Sotta B, Miginiac E (1993) The differential effect of N6-benzyl-adenine and N-Δ2-isopentenyl)-adenine on in vitro propagation of Paeonia suffruticosa Andr. is correlated with different hormone contents. Plant Cell Rep 12: 593–596CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bouza L, Jacques M, Miginiac E (1994a) In vitro propagation of Paeonia suffruticosa Andr. cv. ‘Madame de Vatry’: developmental effects of exogenous hormones during the multiplication phase. Sci Hortic 57: 241–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bouza L, Jacques M, Sotta B, Miginiac E (1994b) The reactivation of tree peony (Paeonia suffruticosa Andr.) vitroplants by chilling is correlated with modifications of abscisic acid, auxin and cytokinin levels. Plant Sci 97: 153–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Buchheim AT, Meyer MM (1992) Micropropagation of peony (Paeonia spp.) In: Bajaj YPS (ed) Biotechnology in agriculture and forestry, vol 20. High tech and micropropagation IV. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 269–285Google Scholar
  9. Cave MS, Arnott HJ, Cook SA (1961) Embryogeny in the California peonies with reference to their taxonomic position. Am J Bot 48: 397–404CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Constantine DR (1986) Micropropagation in the commercial environment. In: Withers LA, Alderson PG (eds) Plant tissue culture and its agricultural applications. Butterworths, London, pp 175–186Google Scholar
  11. Demoise CF, Partanen CR (1969) Effects of subculturing and physical condition of medium on the nuclear behavior of plant tissue culture. Am J Bot 56(2): 147–152PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Durzan DJ, Gupta PK (1987) Somatic embryogenesis and polyembryogenesis in Douglas-fir cell suspension cultures. Plant Sci 52: 229–235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fernig L (1985) Peonies in France. Am Peony Soc Bull 253: 20–21Google Scholar
  14. Flegman AW, Wainwright H (1981) Shoot doubling times: a quantitative parameter for characterizing shoot cultures in vitro. Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult 1: 85–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gildow FE, Mitchell JP (1977) Initiation, growth and nuclear characteristics of tissue cultures of Paeonia suffruticosa. Physiol Plant 39: 295–298CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gupta PK, Durzan DJ (1987) Biotechnology of somatic polyembryogenesis and plantlet regeneration in loblolly pine. Bio/Technology 5: 147–151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Haccius B, Hausner G, Sunderland N (1975) Developmental history of Paeonia pollen embryoids. John Innes Annu Rep 66: 60–61Google Scholar
  18. Harding A (1918) Book of the peony. Waterstone, London, pp 189–203Google Scholar
  19. Harris RA, Mantell SH (1991) Effects of stage II subculture durations on the multiplication rate and rooting capacity of micropropagated shoots of tree peony (Paeonia suffruticosa Andr.). J Hortic Sci 66(1): 95–102Google Scholar
  20. Haw SG (1985) Mudan: the king of flowers. The Garden 110: 154–159Google Scholar
  21. Haw SG, Lauener LA (1990) A review of the infraspecific taxa of Paeonia suffruticosa Andrews. Edinb J Bot. 47(3): 273–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. A Haworth-Booth (1963) The Moutan or tree peony. Constable, LondonGoogle Scholar
  23. Hollingsworth D (1982) Update on peony seed germination. Am Peony Soc Bull 244: 17–20Google Scholar
  24. Hosoki T (1985) Tree peony production of Shimane Prefecture, Japan. Am Peony Soc Bull 253: 24–25Google Scholar
  25. Hu CY, Sussex DF (1971) In vitro development of somatic embryos on cotyledons of Ilex aquifolium. Phytomorphology 21: 103–107Google Scholar
  26. Ikuta A (1996) Paeonia species: in vitro culture and the production of triterpenes. In: Bajaj YPS (ed) Biotechnology in agriculture and forestry, vol 37. Medicinal and aromatic plants IX. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 242–256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Ingram C (1963) Propagation of tree peonies. The Garden 88: 449–450Google Scholar
  28. Jing J, Thomas JA, Meyer MM (1987) Tissue culture and embryoid formation in Paeonia lactiflora Pall. Am Peony Soc Bull 263: 24–30Google Scholar
  29. Konar RN, Oberoi YP (1965) In vitro development of somatic embryos on the cotyledons of Biota orientalis. Phytomorphology 15: 137–140Google Scholar
  30. Li Y, Wu D, Pan S, Xu S, Wei Z, Xu Z, Li X (1984) In vitro propagation of Paeonia suffruticosa. Kexue Tongbao 29(12): 1675–1678Google Scholar
  31. Liau DG, Boll WG (1970) Callus and cell suspension cultures of bush bean, Phaseolus vulgaris Can J Bot 48: 1119–1130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Linsmaier EM, Skoog F (1965) Organic growth factor requirements of tobacco tissue cultures. Physiol Plant 18: 100–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Mantell SH (1987) Problems of stability in mass propagation. In: Anderson PG, Dullforce WM (eds) Micropropagation in horticulture-practice and commercial problems. Inst Hortic Publ, London, pp 145–159Google Scholar
  34. Metcalf CR, Chalk L (1979) Anatomy of the dicotyledons, vol 1. Clarendon Press, London, pp 5–6Google Scholar
  35. Meyer MM (1976) Culture of Paeonia embryos by in vitro techniques. Am Peony Soc Bull 217: 32–35Google Scholar
  36. Murashige T, Skoog F (1962) A revised medium for rapid growth and bioassays with tobacco cultures. Physiol Plant 15: 473–497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Murgai P (1959) The development of the embryo in Paeonia—a reinvestigation. Phytomorphology 9: 275–277Google Scholar
  38. Pan Kai-yu (1979) Paeonia. In: Chien KK, Ken HP, Tsai WW, Hsiou WS, Yu PK (eds) Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae, vol 27. Science Press, Beijing, pp 37–59Google Scholar
  39. Partanen CR (1965) Cytological behaviour of plant tissues in vitro as a reflection of potentialities in vivo. White PR, Grove AR (eds) Proc Int Conf Plant Tissue Culture, Cutchan Publ Co, Berkeley, pp 1–9Google Scholar
  40. Roberts M, Sunderland N (1977) Pollen culture in Paeonia. John Innes Annu Rep 68: 60–61Google Scholar
  41. Schenk RU, Hildebrandt AC (1972) Medium and techniques for the induction and growth of monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plant cell cultures. Can J Bot 50: 199–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Smirnow L (1978) Tree peonies. The Garden 78: 214–217Google Scholar
  43. Smithers P (1992) Rock’s peony. The Garden 117: 519–521Google Scholar
  44. Sriskandarajah D, Mullins MG, Yair Y (1982) Induction of adventitious rooting in vitro in difficultto-propagate cultivars of apple. Plant Sci Lett 24: 1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Stern FC (1946) A study of the genus Paeonia. R Hortic Soc, LondonGoogle Scholar
  46. Sunderland N (1983) The concept of morphogenic competence with reference to anther and pollen culture. In: Sen SK, Giles KL (eds) Plant cell culture in crop improvement. Plenum Press, NewYork, pp 125–139Google Scholar
  47. Sunderland N, Dunwell JM, Roberts M (1975) Anther culture in the genus Paeonia. John Innes Annu Rep 66: 57–60Google Scholar
  48. Takeuchi M, Tanaka Y (1982) Antiviral substances from Paeonia lactiflora and P. suffruticosa. Plant Med 45(4): 252–253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Terrine C, Laloue M (1980) Kinetics of N6-(Δ2-isopentenyl)-adenosine degradation in tobacco. Plant. Physiol 65: 1090–1095PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Wister JC (1962) The peonies. Am Hortic Soc, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  51. Yamamoto H (1988) Paeonia spp.: in vitro culture and the production of paeoniflorin. In: Bajaj YPS (ed) Biotechnology in agriculture and forestry, vol. 4. Medicinal and aromatic plants I. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 464–483CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Yamamoto H, Kitayama A, Tomimori T (1982) Growth and paeoniflorin in Paeonia lactiflora callus cultures. In: Fujiwara A (ed) Plant tissue culture 1982. Maruzen, Tokyo, pp 351–352Google Scholar
  53. Yamamoto H, Kitayama A, Tomimori T (1985) Root differentiation and paeoniflorin production in Paeonia lactiflora callus cultures. Shoyakugaku Zasshi 39: 185–189Google Scholar
  54. Yu H (1982) Some problems in systematizing cultivar resources of Chinese tree peony. Acta Hortic Sin 9(3): 65–68Google Scholar
  55. Yu H (1986) Heze’s peony. Beijing For Univ, Beijing, ChinaGoogle Scholar
  56. Zenkteler M, Misiura E, Ponitka A (1975) Induction of androgenetic embryoids in the in vitro cultured anthers of several plant species. Experientia 31: 289–291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Zillis MR, Meyer MM (1976) Rapid in vitro germination of immature, dormant embryos. Proc Int Plant Prop Soc 26: 272–275Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. C. James
    • 1
  • R. A. Harris
    • 2
  • S. H. Mantell
    • 2
  1. 1.CIC Apartado Postal 87Cordemex, Merida, YucatanMéxico
  2. 2.Unit for Advanced Propagation Systems, Department of AgricultureHorticulture and the Environment, Wye College, (University of London)Wye, Ashford, KentUK

Personalised recommendations