Advertisement

Trees IV pp 194-204 | Cite as

Gymnocladus dioicus L. (Kentucky Coffeetree)

  • M. A. L. Smith
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 35)

Abstract

Gymnocladus dioicus L. (Kentucky coffeetree, or coffeenut) is a member of the Leguminosae family. As a native North American species, the tree is completely unrelated to the tropical coffee plant (Coffea arabica, family Rubiacea); however, its common name was acquired because early North American settlers once used its rich brown, bitter seeds as a coffee substitute (Sargent 1965). The heavy, durable lumber from Kentucky coffeetree has limited economic value, but has been used in rough construction (fencing and rails) and also in cabinet construction (Carter 1977).

Keywords

Root Cutting Benzyl Adenine Sorbitan Monolaurate Coffee Substitute Severe Pruning 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Carter JC (1977) Illinois trees: selection, planting, and care. Ill Nat Hist Sury Circ 51: 51–52Google Scholar
  2. Dirr M (1990) Manual of woody landscape plants: their identification, ornamental characteristics, culture, propagation, and uses. Stipes, Champaign, IllinoisGoogle Scholar
  3. Dirr M, Heuser CW (1987) The reference manual of woody plant propagation. From seed to tissue culture. Varsity press, Athens, GeorgiaGoogle Scholar
  4. Geneve RL, Kester ST, El-Shall S (1990) In vitro shoot initiation in Kentucky coffeetree. Hortscience 25: 578Google Scholar
  5. Macdonald B (1989) Practical woody plant propagation for nursery growers. Timber Press, Portland, ORGoogle Scholar
  6. Murashige T, Skoog F (1962) A revised medium for rapid growth and bioassays with tobacco tissue cultures. Physiol Plant 15: 473–497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Sargent CS (1965) Manual of the trees of North America. Dover, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  8. Smith MAL (1986) Influence of juvenility in woody plants. Plant Propagator 32: 6–7Google Scholar
  9. Smith MAL, McClelland MT (1991) Gauging the quality and performance of woody plants produced in vitro. In Vitro Cell Dev Biol 27P: 52–56Google Scholar
  10. Smith MAL, Obeidy A (1991) Micropropagation of a mature, male Kentucky coffeetree. Hortscience 26: 1426Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. A. L. Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.Plant Sciences LaboratoryUniversity of IllinoisUrbanaUSA

Personalised recommendations