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Blutgruppen von Erythrozyten

Zusammenfassung

Die Beobachtung Landsteiners, daß die roten Blutkörperchen einiger Menschen durch die Seren anderer verklumpt (agglutiniert) werden, führte zu Beginn dieses Jahrhunderts zur Entdeckung der ersten Blutgruppen, des ABO-Systems. Während die Antikörper (Anti-A, Anti-B) gegen die A- und B-Antigene natürlicherweise, d. h. ohne offensichtliche antigene Stimulierung, in menschlichen Seren vorkommen (sog. reguläre Antikörper), sofern der Spender des Serums das entsprechende Merkmal nicht aufweist, beruht der Nachweis der meisten anderen Blutgruppeneigenschaften in der Regel auf der Anwendung von Antikörpern, die durch Immunisierung entstanden sind und nicht regelmäßig in menschlichem Serum vorkommen (sog. irreguläre Antikörper).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Dahr

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