Microscopic Modeling of Synchronized Traffic
Based on a recently proposed cellular automaton model for traffic flow essential properties of synchronized traffic like the synchronization of the lanes, the pinning of a synchronized region at an onramp and the propagation of a wide jam through synchronized traffic are analyzed. The used model is able to reproduce the three phases (free flow, synchronized, and stop-and-go) observed in real traffic even on a single-lane road and shows a good agreement with detailed empirical single-vehicle data in all phases.
KeywordsTraffic State Free Flow Granular Flow Cellular Automaton Model Lane Change
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 5.M. Koshi, M. Iwasaki, and I. Ohkura, in: Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Transportation and Traffic Theory, V.F. Hurdle, E. Hauer, and G.N. Stewart, (Eds.), p. 403 ( University of Toronto Press, Toronto, Ontario, 1983 ).Google Scholar
- 10.B.S. Kerner, Physics World, 8, 25 (1999).Google Scholar
- 11.W. Knospe, L. Santen, A. Schadschneider, and M. Schreckenberg, Phys. Rev. E, (2001), in press.Google Scholar
- 12.O. Kaumann, K. Froese, R. Chrobok, J. Wahle, L. Neubert, and M. Schreckenberg, in: Traffic and Granular Flow ‘89, D. Helbing, H.J. Herrmann, M. Schreckenberg, and D.E. Wolf, (Eds.), pp. 351–356 (Springer, 2000 ).Google Scholar