8-Figured Hysteresis Loop of OV Model
In this paper, we studied about an extended version of optimal velocity (OV) model, which was originally proposed by Bando et al.  We used a ‘2-step function’an OV function and obtained an 8-figured hysteresis loop in phase space. We also succeeded in obtaining the similar hysteresis loop using a smoother OV function.
KeywordsPhase Space Hysteresis Loop Traffic Flow Granular Flow Steady Solution
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