Congestion Induced by Bottlenecks in Two-Lane Optimal Velocity Traffic Flow Model

  • S. Tadaki
  • M. Kikuchi
  • K. Nishinari
  • Y. Sugiyama
  • S. Yukawa
Conference paper

Abstract

The optimal velocity (OV) model is one of car-following traffic flow models, which can reproduce some of observed features. The model is discretized to define the coupled map traffic flow model based on optimal velocity functions (CMOV model). Based on the CMOV model, the effect of noises and traffic bottlenecks are discussed. By introducing a simple set of lane-changing rules, the traffic flow on two-lane expressways with a bottleneck is observed.

Keywords

Transportation 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Tadaki
    • 1
  • M. Kikuchi
    • 2
  • K. Nishinari
    • 3
  • Y. Sugiyama
    • 4
  • S. Yukawa
    • 5
  1. 1.Computer and Network CenterSaga UniversitySagaJapan
  2. 2.Cybermedia CenterOsaka UniversityToyonakaJapan
  3. 3.Department of Applied Mathematics and InformaticsRyukoku UniversityOhtsuJapan
  4. 4.Division of Mathematical ScienceCity College of MieTsu, MieJapan
  5. 5.Department of Applied PhysicsUniversity of TokyoBunkyoJapan

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