Congestion Induced by Bottlenecks in Two-Lane Optimal Velocity Traffic Flow Model
The optimal velocity (OV) model is one of car-following traffic flow models, which can reproduce some of observed features. The model is discretized to define the coupled map traffic flow model based on optimal velocity functions (CMOV model). Based on the CMOV model, the effect of noises and traffic bottlenecks are discussed. By introducing a simple set of lane-changing rules, the traffic flow on two-lane expressways with a bottleneck is observed.
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