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Cell Plate Formation: Knowledge from Studies Using Tobacco BY-2 Cells

  • Tetsuhiro Asada
  • Hiroki Yasuhara
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 53)

Abstract

In higher plants, cytokinesis is achieved by cell plate formation, which is responsible for the assembly of the new plasma membrane and new wall matrix. In somatic cell types, this process initiates with the generation of an immature cell plate between separating groups of anaphase chromosomes, and proceeds by centrifugal growth of the cell plate. This cytokinetic process contrasts with those in animal, fungal, and most alga cells, where cleavage of parental cytoplasm starts from the cell cortex with inward furrowing of the plasma membrane (Pickett-Heaps 1975; Gunning 1982; Glotzer 2001; Guertin et al. 2002). The outward cleavage characterizing higher plant cytokinesis ensures partitioning of daughter nuclei irrespective of parental cell volume and selected division plane, and thus is thought to contribute to the ability of higher plants to flexibly set the plane of cell division, and thereby generate variable cell arrangements. Much information about the structure and function of the apparatus responsible for this higher plant-specific cytokinesis, namely the phragmoplast, has been accumulated through studies using stamen hair cells of Tradescantia and endosperm cells of Haemanthus (Gunning 1982; Bajer et al. 1987).

Keywords

Cell Plate Curr Opin Plant Biol Living Plant Cell Cell Plate Formation Callose Synthesis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tetsuhiro Asada
    • 1
  • Hiroki Yasuhara
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biology, Graduate School of ScienceOsaka UniversityToyonaka, OsakaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of EngineeringKansai UniversityOsakaJapan

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