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Biodegradation by White-Rot Fungi

  • J. P. Ralph
  • D. E. A. Catcheside
Part of the The Mycota book series (MYCOTA, volume 10)

Abstract

White-rot basidiomycete fungi selectively decay lignin in plant tissues. They are the only organisms known which are able to extensively mineralise lignin to carbon dioxide and water. This ability is unusual because lignin is a particularly complex aromatic macromolecule intrinsically resistant to enzymatic and hydrolytic attack. In its native state, lignin provides accessory strengthening to the more regular glucose polymers cellulose and hemicellulose that comprise the bulk of wood and prevents ready access by hydrolytic enzymes targeting wood polysaccharides. It has become evident over the last two decades that ligninolytic enzyme systems expressed by white-rot fungi are extracellular, relatively non-specific and involve the generation of a suite of powerful enzymatic and non-enzymatic oxidants. These enzyme systems have been shown to transform a large variety of chemicals that are, like lignin, relatively long-lived in the environment by virtue of their high molecular weight, insolubility, chemical irreg- ularity, thermodynamic stability or recent origin precluding the evolution of specific microbial decay mechanisms.

Keywords

Wheat Straw Kraft Pulp Ligninolytic Enzyme Olive Mill Wastewater Pulp Mill 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. P. Ralph
    • 1
  • D. E. A. Catcheside
    • 2
  1. 1.Food and Wine ScienceRegency Institute of Technical and Further EducationRegency ParkAustralia
  2. 2.School of Biological SciencesFlinders UniversityAdelaideAustralia

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