Flies of All Kinds



THE order Diptera, the “true flies,” has been around for a long time. Some of the oldest fly fossils (from Australia) date to the Upper Triassic, about 190 million years ago, and the relatively advanced forms already existing then suggests that Diptera must have appeared much earlier than that, possibly in the Permian period, 220 million years ago (McAlpine, 1979). Dinosaurs emerged at about the same time, but they have been extinct for 65 million years.


Thoracic Temperature Tethered Flight Perch Height Continuous Flight Ambient Thermal Condition 
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© Bernd Heinrich 1993

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