Advertisement

The Tolerance of Ants

Chapter
  • 229 Downloads

Abstract

IN some climates, such as the rainforest, ants may account for nearly a third of the entire animal biomass (Hölldobler and Wilson, 1990). This huge mass is fragmented into millions of tiny bodies, however, and since tiny bodies tend to lose heat rapidly, this chapter on the ability of individual ants to regulate body temperature is a short one. In the nest the individuals are affected by temperature more than they affect it. And outside the nest they quickly assume a T b dictated by the physical environment.

Keywords

Terrestrial Locomotion Sand Temperature Tenebrionid Beetle Thermal Refuge Death Point 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Reference

  1. Bartholomew, G. A., J. R. B. Lighton, and D. H. Feener, Jr. 1988. Energetics of trail running, load carriage, and emigration in the column-raiding army ant Eciton hamatum. Physiol. Zool. 61:57–68.Google Scholar
  2. Bernstein, R. A. 1974. Seasonal food abundance and foraging activity in some desert ants. Am. Nat. 108:490–498.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Box, T. W. 1960. Notes on the harvester ant, Pogonomyrmex barbatus var. molefacieus, in southern Texas. Ecology 41:381–382.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Briese, D. T., and B. J. MacAuley. 1980. Temporal structure of an ant community in semi-arid Australia. Austr. J. Ecol. 5:121–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Christian, K. A., and S. R. Morton. 1992. Extreme thermophilia in a central Australian ant, Melophorus bagoti. Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  6. Clark, W. H., and P. L. Conners. 1973. A quantitative examination of spring foraging of Veromessor pergandei in Northern Death Valley, California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Am. Midl. Nat. 90:467–474.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Delye, G. 1967. Physiologie et comportement de quelques fourmis (Hym. Formicidae) du Sahara en rapport avec les principaux facteurs du climat. Insectes Sociaux (Paris) 14:323–338.Google Scholar
  8. Gamboa, G. J. 1976. Effects of temperature on the surface activity of the desert leaf-cutter ant, Acromyrmex versicolor versicolor (Pergande) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Am. Midl. Nat. 95:485–491.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Greenaway, P. 1981. Temperature limits in trailing activity in the Australian arid-zone meat ant Iridomyrmex purpureus form viridiaeneus. Austr. J. Zool. 29:621–630.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hölldobler, B., and R. W. Taylor. 1983. A behavioral study of the primitive ant Nothomyrmecia macrops Clark. Insectes Sociaux (Paris) 30:384–401.Google Scholar
  11. Hölldobler, B., and E. O. Wilson. 1990. The Ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Kay, C. A. R., and W. G. Whitford. 1978. Critical thermal limits of desert honey ants: Possible ecological implications. Physiol. Zool. 51:206–213.Google Scholar
  13. Leonard, J. G., and J. M. Herbers. 1986. Foraging tempo in two woodland ant species. Anim. Behay. 34:1172–1181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lighton, J. R. B., G. A. Bartholomew, and D. H. Feener, Jr. 1987. Energetics of locomotion and load carriage and a model of the energy cost of foraging of the leaf-cutting ant Atta colombica Guer. Physiol. Zool. 60:524–537.Google Scholar
  15. Lubin, Y. D., and J. R. Henschel. 1990. Foraging at the thermal limit: Burrowing spiders (Seothyra, Eresidae) in the Namib desert dunes. Oecologia 84:461–467.Google Scholar
  16. Marsh, A. C. 1985a. Microclimatic factors influencing foraging patterns and success of the thermophilic desert ant, Ocymyrmex barbiger. Insectes Sociaux (Paris) 32:289–296.Google Scholar
  17. Marsh, A. C. 1985b. Thermal responses and temperature tolerance in a diurnal desert ant, Ocymyrmex barbiger. Physiol. Zool. 58:629–636.Google Scholar
  18. Marsh, A. C. 1987. The foraging ecology of two Namib Desert harvester ant species. S. Afr. J. Zool. 22:130–136.Google Scholar
  19. Marsh, A. C. 1988. Activity patterns of some Namib Desert ants. J. Arid Environ. 14:61–73.Google Scholar
  20. Mehlhop, P., and N. J. Scott. 1983. Temporal patterns of seed use and availability in a guild of desert ants. Ecol. Entomol. 8:69–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Moser, J. C. 1967. Trail of the leaf-cutters. Nat. Hist. (New York) 76:32–35.Google Scholar
  22. Rissing, S. W. 1982. Foraging velocity of seed-harvester ants Veromessor pergandei (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Environ. Entomol. 11:905–907.Google Scholar
  23. Rogers, L. E. 1974. Foraging activity of the western harvester ant in the shortgrass plains system. Environ. Entomol. 3:420–424.Google Scholar
  24. Sanders, C. J. 1972. Seasonal and daily activity patterns of carpenter ants (Camponotus spp.) in northwestern Ontario (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Can. Entomol. 104:1681–1687.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Schumacher, A., and W. G. Whitford. 1974. The foraging ecology of two species of Chihuahuan Desert ants: Formica perpilosa and Trachymyrmex smithi neomexicanus (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Insectes Sociaux (Paris) 21:317–330.Google Scholar
  26. Shapley, H. 1920. Thermokinetics of Liometopum apiculatum Mayr. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 6:204–211.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Shapley, H. 1924. Note on the thermokinetics of dolichoderine ants. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 10:436–439.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Traniello, J. F. A., M. S. Fujita, and R. V. Bowen. 1984. Ant foraging behavior: Ambient temperature influences prey selection. Behay. Ecol. Sociobol. 15:65–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Wehner, R. 1983. Taxonomie, Funktionsmorphologie and Zoogeographie der saharischen Wüstenameise Cataglyphus fortis (Forel 1902) stat. nov. Senckenbergiana Biol. 64:89–132.Google Scholar
  30. Wehner, R. 1984. Astronavigation in ants. Ann. Rev. Entomol. 29:277–298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Wehner, R. 1987. Spatial organization of foraging behavior in individually searching desert ants, Cataglyphis (Sahara Desert) and Ocymyrmex (Namib Desert). Experientia Suppi. 54:15–42. Basel: Birkhäuser Verlag.Google Scholar
  32. Wenner, R., A. C. Marsh, and S. Wehner. 1992. Sahara ants survive by walking a thermal tightrope. Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  33. Whitford, W. G., and G. Ettershank. 1975. Factors affecting foraging activity in Chihuahuan Desert harvester ants. Environ. Entomol. 4:689–696.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Bernd Heinrich 1993

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations