The Hydrogen Molecule: Why are Two Neutral Hydrogen Atoms Stabilized by Simply Approaching Each Other?
There are a number of stable diatomic molecules in nature which consist of two neutral atoms. In these molecules, electrons do not just cancel out the repulsion between the two positively charged bare nuclei but contribute significantly to the stabilization of the molecules as a whole. In this chapter we investigate the stabilization mechanism by analyzing the H2 molecule as a simple system.
KeywordsElectron Spin Hydrogen Molecule Trial Function Ground Electronic State Excited Electronic State
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