Abstract

Clothes help to regulate skin temperature and moisture, and protect from environmental injuries. They should be safe, with no toxicity, carcinogenicity or allergenicity. Reports of clothing dermatitis are frequently individual, except from rare epidemics [1, 2] occurring from furs dyed byp-phenylenediamine (PPD) and derivatives in the 1920s [3], from dyed nylon stockings in the 1940s [3, 4], or from black “velvet” clothing and blouses in the 1980s [5, 6]. Epidemiological studies regarding this topic are most often not controlled, and habitually report a frequency of positive patch tests to textile additives, mainly dyes or finishes [7–15]. Thus, the prevalence of sensitization to substances potentially implicated in textile dermatitis is around 1–5% of tested patients, but the clinical relevance of such tests is sometimes questionable. It is difficult to determine its exact incidence for these reasons, but some data suggest that clothing dermatitis is not rare [4, 14].

Keywords

Formaldehyde Urea Nylon Quinoline Phthalocyanine 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christophe-J. Le Coz

There are no affiliations available

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