Pregnancy and Proctological Diseases

  • M.-C. Marti


The actual frequency of proctological diseases occurring during pregnancy is poorly documented in the literature. It is estimated [7,11] that 85% of primi- or multiparae with proctological diseases develop them during or after their first pregnancy. The appearance of proctological diseases in women is related to the menstrual cycle and gravidity. Several physiopatholo-gical mechanisms have been suggested:
  • The anatomical proximity of the genital organs to the anorectum

  • The presence of estrogen receptors in the hemorrhoidal plexuses [13]

  • Anatomical and physiological modifications induced by gravidity


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

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  • M.-C. Marti

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