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W Tungsten pp 74-81 | Cite as

Surface Free Energy. Surface Tension

  • Gerhard Czack
  • Gerhard Kirschstein
  • Wolfgang Kurtz
  • Frank Stein
Part of the Gmelin Handbook of Inorganic and Organometallic Chemistry 8th Edition book series (GMELIN, volume W / A-B / A / 4)

Abstract

The surface tension γ and the (specific) surface free energy σ of a crystal face with area A are related by γ = σ+ A•(dσ/dA) [1]. There is some confusion in the literature in properly using γ and σ; for a more recent discussion of the difference between σ and γ, see [2 to 4]. According to Kumikov and Khokonov [5], cracking, zero-creep, and field emission microscopy (FEM) studies yield values for the surface tension equal to the surface free energy, γ= σ. Inert gas bubble precipitation, grain boundary grooving, and scratch relaxation rate studies can be used to determine σ. Contact angle and multiphase equilibrium studies, on the other hand, yield γ values [5].

Keywords

Surface Tension Surface Free Energy reLaxed Surface Field Emission Microscopy Cleavage Crack Propagation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerhard Czack
  • Gerhard Kirschstein
  • Wolfgang Kurtz
  • Frank Stein

There are no affiliations available

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