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Psychologische Behandlungsmöglichkeiten bei Kindern mit chronischen Schmerzen

  • U. Plump
  • M. Lykaitis
  • R. Pothmann
  • B. Kröner-Herwig
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Psychologische Behandlungsansätze gewinnen in bezug auf chronische Schmerzen im Kindesalter in jüngster Zeit zunehmend an Bedeutung (vgl. Hoelscher u. Lichstein 1984; McGrath u. Unruh 1987; Ross u. Ross 1988). Pharmakologische Interventionen zur Kupierung und Prophylaxe chronischer Schmerzen stellen in der Regel nur symptomorientierte Maßnahmen dar (Gladtke 1988). Zudem gibt es über den Einsatz pharmakologischer Behandlungen bei Kindern nur wenige kontrollierte Studien (vgl. Hoelscher u. Lichstein 1984; Rothner 1989) bezüglich der positiven oder negativen Auswirkungen. Eine nach Meinung vieler Experten notwendige verhaltensmedizinische bzw. -pädiatrische Sichtweise chronischer Schmerzen bei Kindern erfordert die Berücksichtigung multimodaler Faktoren. Somit kann auf den Einbezug psychosozialer Faktoren — sowohl bei der Erfassung der Entstehungs- und Aufrechterhaltungsbedingungen sowie bei der Behandlung — nicht verzichtet werden.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • U. Plump
  • M. Lykaitis
  • R. Pothmann
  • B. Kröner-Herwig

There are no affiliations available

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