Zusammenfassung

Bis zur Einführung des Äthers (1846) und des Chloroforms (1847) war Hypnose eines der wenigen wirksamen „Anästhetika“, vielleicht sogar das einzig wirklich wirksame. Wie zuweilen heute noch stieß aber auch damals Hypnose auf Unverständnis, Skepsis oder Ablehnung. So hatte der englische Chirurg John Elliotson (1843) über mehrere, unter Hypnose schmerzlos durchgeführte Operationen berichtet und daraufhin seine Anstellung sowie seine Mitgliedschaften in der Royal Medical und der Chirurgical Society verloren. James Esdaile berichtete 1846 über mehrere hundert ähnliche Operationen an Hindus in Indien, wobei als bemerkenswert hervorzuheben ist, daß die hypnotisch erzielte Schmerzkontrolle in beinahe l00 % der Fälle gelang. Bei Europäern lag diese Rate jedoch wesentlich niedriger, so daß Hypnose von den anderen Anästhetika leicht verdrängt werden konnte. Gerade in jenen medizinisch-psychologischen Bereichen gewinnt Hypnose heute aber wieder an Bedeutung, wo die üblichen Analgetika in ihrer Wirkung versagen oder aus vielfältigen Gründen kontraindiziert sind.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

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  • B. Peter

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