Pankreas

  • C. Beglinger
  • D. Oertli
  • F. Harder
  • G. A. Stalder
  • M. Selzner
  • P.-A. Clavien
  • K. Mergener
  • L. Degen
  • K. Gyr
  • R. J. Porte
  • M. Ruckstuhl
  • R. Babst
  • R. Fried
  • K. P. Platz
  • A. R. Müller
  • P. Neuhaus

Zusammenfassung

Das Pankreas entsteht aus einer Verschmelzung zweier Anlagen des primitiven Vorderdarmes. Störungen der regelhaften Organogenese erklären Pancreas anulare und divisum sowie Ductus accessorius. Die retroperitoneal gelegene Drüse besitzt enge topographische Beziehungen zum Duodenum, den Gallenwegen, der Milz und zu den Oberbauchgefäßen. Gefäßvarianten besonders der arteriellen Durchblutung von Leber und Querkolon sind bei Pankreasresektionen zu bedenken und zu berücksichtigen. Hauptfunktion des exokrinen Pankreas besteht in der Sekretion von bikarbonathaltiger Flüssigkeit und von Verdauungsenzymen. Man unterscheidet zwischen der digestiven und der interdigestiven (postprandialen) Sekretionsphase des Pankreas. Beide Phasen werden mit verschiedenen Motilitätsakti-vitäten des oberen Magen-Darm-Traktes und des Gallenwegssystemes während der kephalen, gastrischen und intestinalen Verdauungsphase koordiniert.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Beglinger
  • D. Oertli
  • F. Harder
  • G. A. Stalder
  • M. Selzner
  • P.-A. Clavien
  • K. Mergener
  • L. Degen
  • K. Gyr
  • R. J. Porte
  • M. Ruckstuhl
  • R. Babst
  • R. Fried
  • K. P. Platz
  • A. R. Müller
  • P. Neuhaus

There are no affiliations available

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