Regeneration of Plants from Protoplasts of Beta vulgaris (Sugar Beet)

  • R. D. Hall
  • C. Pedersen
  • F. A. Krens
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 29)


The genus Beta (family Chenopodiaceae) consists of 13 species. All cultivated forms of beet belong to the species Beta vulgaris ssp. vulgaris in the section Beta. Early types of beet with a swollen root were probably domesticated from ancestral maritime (Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima) populations (Fig. 1; von Boguslawski 1984). In ancient Roman and Greek handbooks of agricultural production, the beet is described as a leaf crop. The root was, at that time, only used for medical purposes. In the 17th century the beet root is found as a vegetable in some recipes. Since the beginning of the 18th century the beet has been used as animal feed. However, it was not until after 1800 that fodder beet became an established crop in mixed farming systems in Europe. Sugar beet is considered to have originated from one of these fodder beet populations (Toxopeus 1984). Today, the most widely cultivated forms of Beta vulgaris are sugar beet, fodder beet, garden beet (beetroot), and leaf beet (Swiss chard, spinach beet).


Sugar Beet Mesophyll Protoplast Protoplast Isolation Beet Necrotic Yellow Vein Virus Fodder Beet 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. D. Hall
    • 1
  • C. Pedersen
    • 1
    • 2
  • F. A. Krens
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Cell BiologyDLO-Centre for Plant Breeding and Reproduction Research (CPRO-DLO)WageningenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Danish Plant Breeding LtdStore HeddingeDenmark

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