Genetic Transformation in Actinidia deliciosa (Kiwifruit)

  • M. M. Oliveira
  • J. G. Barroso
  • M. Martins
  • M. S. Pais
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 29)

Abstract

Kiwifruit (Actinidia sp.) is a dioecious woody fruiting species that in the last few years has gained increasing interest from the agro-food industries. The fruit of Actinidia has high levels of vitamins, mineral salts, and fibers when compared with the traditional fruits. Moreover, Actinidia is reported as a medicinal plant due to its tonic and antipiretic properties as well as to the presence of compounds with potential anticarcinogenic activity (Ferguson 1984; Tsai 1988). In the beginning of this century, kiwifruit was introduced in New Zealand and important cultivars were then selected and propagated (Young 1985). In China, the native country of Actinidia, increased research has been dedicated to this plant since 1980 and several breeding programs are under way to develop new varieties from the available germplasm (Huang and Tan 1988; Huang and Ke 1991; Ming et al. 1992).

Keywords

Sucrose Agar Cystein Glutamine Cyanide 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. M. Oliveira
  • J. G. Barroso
  • M. Martins
  • M. S. Pais
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. Biologia VegetalFac. Ciências de LisboaLisbonPortugal

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