The Ionosphere as a Plasma

  • Siegfried J. Bauer
  • Helmut Lammer
Part of the Physics of Earth and Space Environments book series (EARTH)


A plasma represents a collection of charged particles (electrons and ions) which interact by long range (Coulomb) forces, exhibiting coherent behavior as the result of space charge effects [173].


Anisotropy Convection Mercury Recombination Titan 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Siegfried J. Bauer
    • 1
  • Helmut Lammer
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für Geophysik, Astrophysik und MeteorologieKarl-Franzens-Universität GrazGrazAustria
  2. 2.Institut für WeltraumforschungÖsterreichische Akademie der WissenschaftenGrazAustria

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