Fundamental Facts and Concepts

  • Bruno Predel
  • Michael Hoch
  • Monte Pool
Part of the Engineering Materials and Processes book series (EMP)


Experience teaches us, that under given external conditions a material is in a certain state. This state is defined by certain properties. At 200 K the compound H2O is solid, at 300 K liquid and at 400 K gaseous. Properties, which are characteristic for a state of a material, are called intensive properties. Among them is the molar volume. As one can see from Fig. 1.1, the molar volume of water is different at 200, 300 and 400 K.


Vapor Pressure Molar Volume Triple Point Fundamental Fact Vaporization Equilibrium 
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  1. [1]
    R.C. Weast (Editor), “Handbook of Chemistry and Physics”, 49. Edition, The Chemical Rubber Co., Cleveland, Ohio (1969)Google Scholar

General References

  1. A.M. Alper (Editor), “Phase Diagrams, Materials Science and Technology”, Vol. 1, Academic Press, New York (1970)Google Scholar
  2. P. Gordon, “Principles of Phase Diagrams in Materials Systems”, McGraw-Hill Book Comp., New York (1968)Google Scholar
  3. W. Paul and D.M. Warschauer (Editors), “Solids Under Pressure”, McGraw-Hill Book Comp., New York (1963)Google Scholar
  4. R.G. Ross and D.A. Greenwood, “Liquid Metals and Vapours under Pressure”, in “Progress in Materials Science”, Editors: B. Chalmers and W. Hume-Rothery, Vol. 14. No. 4, Pergamon Press, London (1969)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruno Predel
    • 1
  • Michael Hoch
    • 2
    • 3
  • Monte Pool
    • 3
  1. 1.StuttgartGermany
  2. 2.CincinnatiUSA
  3. 3.Dept. of Chemical and Materials EngineeringUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA

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