NIR Dyes for Ammonia and HCI Sensors

  • Peter Šimon
  • Frank Kvasnik
Part of the Springer Series on Chemical Sensors and Biosensors book series (SSSENSORS, volume 1)


Dyes with absorption bands in the near infrared region (NIR dyes) were for a long time considered to have only a few practical applications other than as sensitisers in photographic emulsions. The situation has changed dramatically in recent years, with the rapid developments of many fields such as semiconductor laser technology, fibre optic communications, printing, data recording, photography, analytical tools for environmental and process monitoring, sensors techniques and medical diagnostics. This has resulted in research papers, books, review articles and chapters in books, all dedicated to the synthesis and applications of NIR dyes [1–5].


Fibre Optic Sensor Hydrogen Chloride Methyl Analogue Fibre Optic Link Optical Time Domain Reflectometry 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Matsuoka M (ed.) (1990) Infrared Absorbing Dyes. Plenum Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Matsuoka M (1990) Absorption Spectra of Dyes for Diode Laser. Bunshin, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Fabian J, Kakazumi H, Matsuoka M (1992) Chem Rev 92: 1197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Matsuoka M (1995) Near IR Spectroscopy. In: Peters AT, Freeman HS (eds) Advances in Color Chemistry Series, vol. 2. Blackie Academic and Professional, LondonGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Griffiths J (1995) Approaches to the Design and Synthesis of Near-Infrared Absorbing Dyes. In: Peters AT, Freeman HS (eds) Advances in Color Chemistry Series, vol. 3. Blackie Academic and Professional, London.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Health and Safety Executive (1993) Guidance Note EH40/93 Occupational Exposure Limits. HMSO, LondonGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Health and Safety Executive (1988) Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations. HMSO, LondonGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Giuliani JF, Wohltjen H, Jarvis NL (1983) Opt Lett 8: 54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Reichert J, Sellien W, Ache HJ (1991) Sens Actuators A-Phys 25–27: 481CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kostov YV (1992) Sens Actuators B-Chem 8: 99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sadaoka Y, Sakai Y, Murata Y (1993) Sens Actuators B-Chem 13–14: 420CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Klein R, Voges E (1993) Sens Actuators B-Chem 11: 221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Potyrailo RA, Mikheenko LA, Borsuk PS, Golubkov SP, Talanchuk PM (1994) Sens Actuators B-Chem 21: 65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bondarenko DB, Dolotov SM, Koldunov MF, Ponomarenko EP, Sitnikov NM, Startsev AV, Tulaikova TV (1994) Chim Fizika 13: 116Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Grady T, Butler T, MacCraith BD, Diamond D, McKervey MA (1997) Analyst 122: 803CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Potyrailo RA, Hjeftje GM (1998) Appl Spectrosc 52: 1092CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Malins C, Butler IM, MacCraith BD (2000) Thin Solid Films 368: 105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Raimundo IM, Narayanaswamy R (2000) Quim Anal 19: 127Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Qi ZM, Yimit A, Itoh K, Murabayashi M, Matsuda N, Takatsu A, Kato K (2001) Opt Lett 26: 629CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Raimundo IM, Narayanaswamy R (2001) Sens Actuators B-Chem 74: 60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Malins C, Doyle A, MacCraith BD, Kvasnik F, Landl M, Simon P, Kalvoda L, Lukäs R, Puffer K, Babusík I (1999) J Environ Monitor 1: 417CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Lennie AR (1989) Fibre optic sensing utilising the evanescent field, MSc Dissertation. Department of Instrumentation and Analytical Science, UMIST, UKGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kvasnik F, Hortin N, Norena-Franco LE (1993) Proc Soc Photo-Opt Instrum Eng 2366Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Norena-Franco LE, Kvasnik F (1996) Analyst 121: 1115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Boisdé G, Harmer A (1996) Chemical and Biochemical Sensing with Optical Fibres and Waveguides. Artech House, BostonGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Kvasnik F (1996) Spectrochemical Index of Optical Sensing Media for the Detection of Chemicals, Research report. DIAS, UMIST, ManchesterGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Norena-Franco LN (1997) Chemically sensitive cladding materials for distributed optical fibre sensors, PhD Thesis. Department of Instrumentation and Analytical Science, UMIST, ManchesterGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Kvasnik F (coordinator) (1997) Copernicus Joint Research Project CIPA CT94–0206: Rapid Detection and Location of Ammonia Leaks, Final Report. Manchester. 200 Peter Simon, Frank KvasnikGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Kubo Y, Sasaki K, Kataoka H, Yoshida K (1989) J Chem Soc Perk T 1 1469Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Simon P, Sekretär S, MacCraith BD, Kvasnik F (1997) Sens Actuators B-Chem 38–39: 252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Malins C, Landl M, Simon P, MacCraith BD (1998) Sens Actuators B-Chem 51: 359CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Kubo Y, Kataoka H, Ikezawa M, Yoshida K, (1990) J Chem Soc Perk T 1, 585Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Simon P, Landl M, Sekretär S, Breza M, Budos“ A (1996) Synthesis, Spectral Properties and Stabilities of Selected Near Infrared Dyes, Final report to the Copernicus Joint Research Project CIPA CT94–0206: Rapid Detection and Location of Ammonia Leaks. STU, BratislavaGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Kalvoda L, Dlouhä M, Vratislav S, Lukäs R, Lukäs“ovä P, Landl M, Simon P (2001) Fibre Optic Sensors for Detection of Metal Ions in Aquesous Solutions, Proceedings of Workshop 2001, part A, p. 440. CTU Publishing House, PragueGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Kim SH, Matsuoka M,Yomoto M, Tsuchiya Y, Kitao T (1987) Dyes Pigments 8: 381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Balch AL, Holm RH (1966) J Amer Chem Soc 88: 5201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Simon P, Landl M, Breza M, Prónayovä N, BudoS A (1999) Synthesis and Spectral Properties of Selected Near Infrared Dyes and their Sensitivity to Various Agents, Final report to the Inco Copernicus Joint Research Project ERBIC15CT960819: Development of Personal Safety Monitors Based on New Sensing Reagents. STU, BratislavaGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    CI Acid Greenl (Basacid Green 970) (1996) BASFGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Norena-Franco LE, Kvasnik F (1998) Analyst 123: 2185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Schmidt H, Wizinger R (1959) Liebigs Ann Chem 623: 204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Tuemmler WB, Wildi BS (1958) J Amer Chem Soc 80: 3772CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Tuemmler WB, Wildi BS (1958) J Org Chem 23: 1056CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Landl M, Simon P (1997) Chem Listy 91: 743Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Landl M, Simon P, Breza M (1998) Dyes Pigments 40: 43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Simon P, Land! M, Breza M (1999) Dyes Pigments 43: 227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Landl M, Simon P, Kvasnik F (1998) Sens Actuators B-Chem 51: 114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Landl M, Simon P,and Breza M (2000) Synthesis and chemical properties of new type NI R cyanine dyes, 8th Biannual International Conference on Dyes and Pigments COLORCHEM 2000. Spindleruv Mlÿn, Conference booklet, Poster P14.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Simon P, Landl M, Breza M, Kvasnik F (2003) Sens Actuators B-Chem, 90: 9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Szablewski M, Thomas PR, Thornton A, Bloor D, Cross GH, Cole JM, Howard JAK, Malagoli M, Meyers F, Bredas JL, Wenseleers W, Goovaerts E (1997) J Amer Chem Soc 119: 3144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Dai ZF, Peng BX (1998) Dyes Pigments 36: 169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Boyer AE, Devanathan S, Hamilton D, Patonay G (1992) Tatanta 39: 505Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Patonay G, Casay GA, Lipowska M, Strekowski L (1993) Tatanta 40: 935Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Mason JC, Patonay G, Strekowski L (1997) Heterocyclic Commun. 3: 409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Casay GA, Meadows F, Daniels N, Roberson A, Patonay G (1995) Spectrosc Lett 28: 301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Lindauer H, Czerney P, Mohr GJ, Grummt UW (1994) Dyes Pigments 26: 229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Lindauer H, Czerney P, Grummt UW (1994) J Prakt Chem-Chem Ztg 336: 521CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Lindauer H, Czerney P, Grummt UW (1995) J Prakt Chem-Chem Ztg 337: 216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Lehmann H, Schwotzer G, Czerney P, Mohr GJ (1995) Sens Actuators B-Chem 29: 392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Czerney P, Grummt UW (1996) J Chem Res S 173Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Czerney P, Grummt UW (1996) J Inform Rec 23: 159Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Czerney P, Grummt UW (1997) Sens Actuators B-Chem 39: 395CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Miltsov S, Encinas C, Alonso JN (1998) Tetrahedron Lett 39: 9253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Miltsov S, Encinas C, Alonso J (2001) Tetrahedron Lett 42: 6129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Puyol M, Miltsov S, Salinas I, Alonso J (2002) Anal Chem 74: 570CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Zollinger H (1991) Color Chemistry. VCH Verlagsgeselschaft, WeinheimGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Hutchings MG (1995) Dyes Pigments 29: 95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Dewar MJS, Thiel W (1986) AMPAC, Austin Method 1 Package. University of Texas, AustinGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Dewar MJS, Zoebisch EG, Healy EF, Stewart JJP (1985) J Amer Chem Soc 107: 3902CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Fletcher R, Powell MID (1963) Comput J 6: 163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Davidon WC (1968) Comput J 10: 406CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Armstrong DR, Perkins PG, Stewart JP (1972) J Chem Soc Dalton 1972Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    Breza M, limon P, Landl M (2001) Chem Papers 55: 86Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    Crank J, Park GS (eds) (1968) Diffusion in Polymers. Academic Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    limon P, Kvasnik F, Landl M (1998) Indication of gas leaks and fire alarms with distributed fibre optic sensors, 25th international Conference of Slovak Society of Chemical Engineering, Jasnâ, Slovak RepublicGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Culshaw B, Muhammad F, Stewart G, Murray S, Pinchbeck D, Norris J, Cassidy S, Wilkinson M, Williams D, Crisp I, Vanewyk R, McGhee A (1992) Electron Lett 28: 2232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Lieberman RA, Mendoza E, Ferrell DJ, Schmidlin E, Syracuse S, Khalil A, Dergevoki-an A, Sun Z, Gunther M (1993) SPIE Proceedings No. 2068: Chemical, Biochemical, and Environmental Fiber Sensors V, pp. 192–201. Boston, MassachusettsGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Gregory P (1991) High-technology Applications of Organic Colorants, Topics in Applied Chemistry. Plenum Press, NewYorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Šimon
  • Frank Kvasnik

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations