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Mycorrhiza pp 59-77 | Cite as

The Protein Complement of Ectomycorrhizas

  • M. Guttenberger

Abstract

Proteins have important functions in biological systems. Structural proteins (e.g. the cytoskeleton) are essential for shape and motion of cells and organelles. Enzymes mediate the turnover of substances in primary and secondary metabolism and accomplish the reduplication of DNA as well as the transcription and translation of RNA. Carrier proteins sustain the uptake of nutrients from the environment, the transport of molecules between cells, and the interchange between single compartments within cells. Proteins are further involved in regulatory functions (e.g. post-translational modifications via reversible phosphorylation of proteins or activators/repressors of gene expression), recognition (e.g. lectins), and sensory processes (e.g. photoreceptors). The biosynthesis and turnover as well as the trafficking of proteins are highly regulated processes, which enable cells and organisms to adapt to changes in their environment.

Keywords

Fungal Mycelium Protein Complement Increase Protein Content Polypeptide Pattern Paxillus Involutus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Guttenberger
    • 1
  1. 1.Plant Biology DivisionSamuel Roberts Nobel FoundationArdmoreUSA

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