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Introduction

  • Hermann Haken
  • Hans Christoph Wolf
Part of the Advanced Texts in Physics book series (ADTP)

Abstract

When two or more atoms combine to form a new unit, that new particle is termed a molecule. The name is derived from the Latin word molecula, meaning “small mass”. A molecule is the smallest unit of a chemical compound which still exhibits all its properties, just as we have seen the atom to be the smallest unit of a chemical element. A molecule may be decomposed by chemical means into its component parts, i. e. into atoms. The great variety of materials found in the world of matter is a result of the enormous variety of possible combinations in which molecules may be constructed out of the relatively few types of atoms in the Periodic Table of elements.

Keywords

Quantum Chemistry Crown Ether Scanning Tunnel Microscope Atomic Physic Internuclear Distance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Bibliography

  1. Heilbron, J.L.: Elements of Early Modern Physics (Univ. California Press, Berkeley 1982)Google Scholar
  2. Hund, F.: The History of Quantum Theory (Hanup, London 1974)Google Scholar
  3. van der Waerden, B.L. (ed.): Sources of Quantum Mechanics (Dover, New York 1967)MATHGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hermann Haken
    • 1
  • Hans Christoph Wolf
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für Theoretische PhysikUniversität StuttgartStuttgartGermany
  2. 2.Physikalisches InstitutUniversität StuttgartStuttgartGermany

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