Other Modulation Techniques

  • Yaakov Kraftmakher


This chapter describes modulation techniques for measuring the temperature derivative of electrical resistance, the thermopower, and the spectral absorptance. The use of temperature modulation provides important advantages; the main of these is the possibility for direct determinations of differential characteristics, which in many cases are more informative.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yaakov Kraftmakher
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsBar-Ilan UniversityRamat GanIsrael

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