Advertisement

W Tungsten pp 12-110 | Cite as

Reactions with Halogens

  • Hermann Jehn
  • Schwäbisch Gmünd
  • Gudrun Bär
  • Erich Best
  • Ernst Koch
Part of the Gmelin Handbook of Inorganic and Organometallic Chemistry - 8th Edition book series (GMELIN, volume W / A-B / A / 5 / b)

Abstract

For reactions occurring in a temperature gradient and resulting in the transport of metallic tungsten, see Chapter 2.5, pp. 34/110.

Keywords

Filament Temperature JANAF Table Philips Tech Bulb Wall Halogen Incandescent Lamp 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    Hauffe, K. (Z. Werkstofftech. 15 [1984] 427/35).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Mclnnis, M. B. (Tungsten Proc. 2nd Int. Tungsten Symp., San Francisco 1982, pp. 41/51; C.A. 98 [1983] No. 200593).Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Lugscheider, E.; Eck, R.; Ettmayer, P. (Radex-Rundsch. 1983 No. 1/2, pp. 52/84).Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Bachmann, W. T. (Mater. Design Eng. 64 No. 6 [1966] 106/8).Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Agte, C; Vacek, J. (Wolfram und Molybdän, Akad.-Verlag., Berlin 1959, pp. 214/34).Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    Iwasaki, M.; Yahata, T.; Suzuki, K.; Oshima, K. (Kogyo Kagaku Zasshi 65 [1962] 1165/7 from C.A. 58 [1963] 3092).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Greenberg, E.; Settle, J. (ANL-5858 [1959] 1/132, 81/6; N.S.A. 14 [1960] No. 4497).Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Vincent, L. M. (Bull. Inf. Sci. Tech. Commis. Energ. At. [Fr.] No. 161 [1971] 17/31).Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    Metlay, M.; Kimball, G. E. (J. Chem. Phys. 16 [1948] 779/81).Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    Rosner, D. E.; Allendorf, H. D. (J. Phys. Chem. 75 [1971] 308/17).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    Rosner, D. E.; Allendorf, H. D. (AD-703881 [1970] 1/22; C.A. 73 [1970] No. 91891).Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    Rosner, D. E.; Nordine, P. C. (AD-A022582 [1975] 1/16; C.A. 85 [1976] No. 113078).Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    Johnson, R. L; Siegel, B. (J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 31 [1969] 955/63).Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    Byalobzheskii, A. V.; Tsirlin, M. S.; Krasilov, B. I. (Vysokotemperaturnaya Korroziya i Zashchita Sverkhtugoplavkikh Metallov [High-Temperature Corrosion and Protection of Refractory Metals], Moscow 1977, pp. 1/224; C.A. 88 [1978] No. 179375).Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    Barber, E. J.; Cady, G. H. (J. Phys. Chem. 60 [1956] 505/6).Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    Meinert, H.; Friedrich, L. (Z. Chem. 15 [1975] 411/2).Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    Priest, H. F. (Inorg. Synth. 3 [1950] 171/83, 181/3).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    Brauer, G. (Handbuch der Präparativen Anorganischen Chemie, Vol. 1, Enke, Stuttgart 1975, pp. 1/608, 267/8).Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    Philippart, J. L.; Caradec, J. Y.; Weber, B.; Cassuto, A. (Proc. Electrochem. Soc. 77–5 [1977] 169/80; C.A. 89 [1978] No. 66033).Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    Philippart, J. L.; Caradec, J. Y.; Weber, B.; Cassuto, A. (J. Electrochem. Soc. 125 [1978] 162/6).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    Falconer, W. E.; Jones, G. R.; Sunder, W. A.; Vasile, M. S.; Muenter, A. A.; Dyke, T. R.; Klemperer, W. (J. Fluorine Chem. 4 [1974] 213/34).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    Abbot, P. C; Stickney, R. E. (J. Phys. Chem. 76 [1972] 2930).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    Rosner, D. E.; Nordine, P. C. (J. Phys. Chem. 76 [1972] 2930/1).Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    Dittmer, G.; Klopfer, A.; Schröder, J. (Philips Res. Rep. 32 [1977] 341/64).Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    Dittmer, G.; Klopfer, A.; Ross, D. S.; Schröder, J. (J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. 1973 846/7).Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    Daniel, P. L.; Rapp, R. A. (in: Fontana, M. G.; Staehle, R. W.; Advances in Corrosion Science and Technology, Vol. 5, Plenum, New York 1975, p. 55 from [27]).Google Scholar
  27. [27]
    Hess, D. W. (Solid State Technol. 31 [1988] 97/103).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [1]
    Lugscheider, E.; Eck, R.; Ettmayer, P. (Radex-Rundsch. 1983 52/84).Google Scholar
  29. [2]
    Agte, C; Vacek, J. (Wolfram und Molybdän, Akad. Verlag, Berlin 1959, pp. 214/34).Google Scholar
  30. [3]
    Bachmann, W. T. (Mater. Des. Eng. 64 No. 6 [1966] 106/8).Google Scholar
  31. [4]
    Rieck, G. D. (Tungsten and Its Compounds, Pergamon, Oxford 1967, pp. 1/154, 43).Google Scholar
  32. [5]
    Ripley, R. L; Lamprey, H. (in: Kuhn, W. E.; Lamprey, H.; Sheer, C.; Ultrafine Particles, Wiley and Sons, New York — London — Sydney 1963, pp. 262/7).Google Scholar
  33. [6]
    Landsberg, A.; Hoatson, C. L; Block, F. E. (J. Elektrochem. Soc. 118 [1971] 1331/6).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. [7]
    Biais, J. C; Bolbach, G.; Brunot, A. (Int. J. Mass. Spectrom. Ion Phys. 47 [1983] 269/73).Google Scholar
  35. [8]
    Bolbach, G.; Biais, J. C; Brunot, A.; Marilier, A. (Surf. Sci. 90 [1979] 65/77).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. [9]
    Mclnnis, M. B. (Tungsten Proc. 2nd Int. Tungsten Symp., San Francisco 1982, pp. 41/51 ; C.A. 98 [1983] No. 200593).Google Scholar
  37. [10]
    Weiß, L. (Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 65 [1910] 279/43, 340).Google Scholar
  38. [11]
    Defacqz, E. (Ann. Chim. Phys. [7] 22 [1901] 238/88).Google Scholar
  39. [12]
    Emeléus, H. J.; Gutmann, V. (J. Chem. Soc. 1950 2115/8).Google Scholar
  40. [13]
    McCarley, R. E.; Brown, T. M. (Inorg. Chem. 3 [1964] 1232/6).Google Scholar
  41. [14]
    Rosner, D. E.; Allendorf, H. D. (AIAA J. 5 [1967] 1489/91).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. [15]
    McKinley, J. D. (React. Solids Proc. 6th Int. Symposium, Schenectady, N.Y., 1968 [1969], pp. 345/51).Google Scholar
  43. [16]
    Rosner, D. E.; Allendorf, H. D. (in: Belton, G. R.; Heterogeneous Kinetics at Elevated Temperatures, New York 1970, pp. 231/51).Google Scholar
  44. [17]
    Prokoshkin, D. A.; Tretyakov, V. I.; Demin, Yu. N. (Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Mashino- str. 1982 No. 3, pp. 84/7; C.A. 96 [1982] No. 169769).Google Scholar
  45. [18]
    Brewer, L; Bromley, L. A.; Gilles, P. W.; Lofgren, N. L. (Nat. Nucl. Energy Ser. Div. IV B 19 [1950] 276/311).Google Scholar
  46. [19]
    Tower, L. K. (NASA-TN-D 1194 [1962] 1/45; C.A. 56 [1962] 13911).Google Scholar
  47. [20]
    T’Jampens, G. R.; van de Weijer, M. H. A. (Philips Tech. Rev. 27 [1966] 173/9Google Scholar
  48. [20a]
    T’Jampens, G. R.; van de Weijer, M. H. A. Philips Tech. Rundsch. 27 [1966] 165/71).Google Scholar
  49. [21]
    Landsberg, A.; Block, F. E. (Bur. Mines Rep. Invest. No. 6649 [1965] 1/26).Google Scholar
  50. [22]
    Langmuir, I. (J. Am. Chem. Soc. 37 [1915] 1139/71).Google Scholar
  51. [23]
    Meubus, P. (in: Foroulis, Z. A.; Pettit, F. S.; Properties of High Temperature Alloys, Met. Soc. AIME, Princeton 1976, pp. 395/410; C.A. 89 [1978] No. 78852).Google Scholar
  52. [24]
    Rosner, D. E.; Allendorf, H. D. (Proc. 3rd Int. Symp. High Temp. Technol., Asilomar, Calif., 1967 [1969], pp. 707/19).Google Scholar
  53. [25]
    Colton, R.; Tomkins, I. B. (Austral. J. Chem. 21 [1968] 1975/9).Google Scholar
  54. [26]
    Fischl, D. S.; Hess, D. W. (J. Electrochem. Soc. 134 [1987] 2265/9).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. [27]
    Fischl, D. S.; Rodrigues, G. W.; Hess, D. W. (J. Electrochem. Soc. 135 [1988] 2016/9).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. [28]
    Fischl, D. S. (Diss. Univ. Berkeley, Calif., 1988,163 pp. from Diss. Abstr. Int. B 49 [1989] 4923).Google Scholar
  57. [29]
    Hess, D. W. (Proc. Jpn. Symp. Plasma Chem. 1 [1988] 35/41; C.A. 111 [1989] No. 125014).Google Scholar
  58. [30]
    Hess, D. W. (Solid State Technol. 31 No. 4 [1988] 97/103 from C.A. 109 [1988] No. 64881).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. [31]
    Balooch, M.; Fischl, D. S.; Olander, D. R.; Siekhaus, W. J. (J. Elektrochem. Soc. 135 [1988] 2090/5).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. [32]
    Batty, J. C; Stickney, R. E. (J. Chem. Phys. 51 [1969] 4475/84).Google Scholar
  61. [33]
    Prince, R. H.; Lampert, R. M. (Chem. Phys. Lett. 67 [1979] 388/92).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. [34]
    Rothschild, M.; Sedlacek, J. H. C; Ehrlich, D. J. (Appl. Phys. Lett. 49 [1986] 1554/6).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. [35]
    Munn, R. W.; McClintic, R. P.; Reilly, K. T. (U.S. 4803062 [1988/89] from C.A. 110 [1989] No. 157153).Google Scholar
  64. [36]
    Rothschild, M.; Sedlacek, J. H. C; Black, J. G.; Ehrlich, D. J. (J. Vac. Sci. Technol. [2] B 5 [1987] 414/8).Google Scholar
  65. [37]
    Sesselmann, W.; Chuang, T. J. (J. Vac. Sci. Technol. [2] B 3 [1985] 1507/12).Google Scholar
  66. [38]
    Thomas, N.; Blanquet, E.; Vahlas, C; et al. (Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 204 [1991] 451/6 from C.A. 115 [1991] No. 269269).Google Scholar
  67. [1]
    Bachmann, W. T. (Mater. Des. Eng. 64 No. 6 [1966] 106/8).Google Scholar
  68. [2]
    Agte, C; Vacek, J. (Wolfram und Molybdän, Akad.-Verlag, Berlin 1959, pp. 214/34).Google Scholar
  69. [3]
    Colton, R.; Tomkin, l. B. (Austral. J. Chem. 19 [1966] 759/63).Google Scholar
  70. [4]
    Lugscheider, E.; Eck, Ft.; Ettmayer, P. (Radex-Rundsch. 1983 No. 1/2, pp. 52/84).Google Scholar
  71. [5]
    Weiß, L. (Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 65 [1910] 279/340, 339/40).Google Scholar
  72. [6]
    Byalobzheskii, A. V.; Tsirlin, M. S.; Krasilov, B. I. (Vysokotemperaturnaya Korroziya i Zashchita Sverkhtugoplavkikh Metallov [High-Temperature Corrosion and Protection of Refractory Metals], Atomizdat, Moscow 1977, pp. 1/224; C.A. 88 [1978] No. 179375).Google Scholar
  73. [7]
    Mclnnis, M. B. (Tungsten Proc. 2nd Int. Tungsten Symp. 1982, pp. 41/51; C.A. 98 [1983] No. 200593).Google Scholar
  74. [8]
    Emeléus, H. J.; Gutmann, V. (J. Chem. Soc. 1950 2115/8).Google Scholar
  75. [9]
    Goddard, V. W.; Pett, C. (J. Chem. Soc. Dalton Trans. 1975 767/71).Google Scholar
  76. [10]
    McCarley, R. E.; Brown, T. M. (Inorg. Chem. 3 [1964] 1232/6).Google Scholar
  77. [11]
    Shchukarev, S. A.; Kokovin, G. A. (Zh. Neorg. Khim. 9 [1964] 1309/15Google Scholar
  78. [11a]
    Shchukarev, S. A.; Kokovin, G. A. Russ. J. Inorg. Chem. [Engl. Transi.] 9 [1964] 715/8).Google Scholar
  79. [12]
    v. Borch, J. B. (J. Prakt. Chem. 54 [1851] 254/60).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. [13]
    Roscoe, H. E. (Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem. 162 [1872] 349/68).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. [14]
    Schäfer, H.; v. Schnering, H.-G.; Tillack, J.; et al. (Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 353 [1967] 281/310).Google Scholar
  82. [15]
    Popovic, A.; Marsel, J.; Kaposi, O. (J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 41 [1979] 1289/94).Google Scholar
  83. [16]
    Kaposi, O.; Popovic, A.; Marsel, J. (Adv. Mass. Spectrom. A 7 [1978] 631/5).Google Scholar
  84. [17]
    Kaposi, O.; Popovic, A.; Marsel, J. (J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 39 [1977] 1809/15).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. [18]
    Marsel, J.; Popovic, A.; Susic, R.; Kaposi, O. (Vestn. Slov. Kern. Drus. 28 [1981] 11/20; C.A. 94 [1981] No. 181463).Google Scholar
  86. [19]
    Popovic, A.; Susic, R.; Kaposi, O.; Marsel, J. (Int. J. Mass. Spectrom. Ion Phys. 47 [1983] 277/80).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. [20]
    Rouweler, G.; de Maagt, B. J. (Philips J. Res. 33 [1978] 1/19).Google Scholar
  88. [21]
    Rouweler, G. C J.; de Maagt, B. J. (Philips J. Res. 36 [1981] 195/209).Google Scholar
  89. [22]
    Theobald, L. S.; Stern, J. P. (Analyst. [London] 77 [1952] 99/101).Google Scholar
  90. [23]
    Ishikawa, H.; Ishii, E.; Uehara, I.; Nakane, M. (Osaka Kogyo Gijutsu Shikensho Kiho 33 No. 3 [1982] 244/52; C.A. 98 [1983] No. 130286).Google Scholar
  91. [24]
    Colton, R.; Tomkins, I. B. (Austral. J. Chem. 21 [1968] 1975/9).Google Scholar
  92. [25]
    Zubler, E. G. (J. Phys. Chem. 74 [1970] 2479/84).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. [26]
    Zubler, E. G. (J. Phys. Chem. 76 [1972] 320/2).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. [27]
    Schissel, P. O.; Trulson, O. C. (J. Chem. Phys. 43 [1965] 737/43).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. [28]
    Bolbach, G.; Biais, J. C; Brunot, A.; Marilier, A. (Surf. Sci. 90 [1979] 65/77).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. [29]
    Biais, J. C; Bolbach, G.; Brunot, A. (Int. J. Mass. Spectrom. Ion Phys. 47 [1983] 269/73).Google Scholar
  97. [30]
    Brewer, L.; Bromley, L. A.; Gilles, P. W.; Lofgren, N. L. (Natl. Nucl. Energy Ser. Div. IV B 19 [1950] 276/311).Google Scholar
  98. [1]
    Lugscheider, E.; Eck, R.; Ettmayer, P. (Radex-Rundsch. 1983 No. 1/2, pp. 52/84).Google Scholar
  99. [2]
    Abakumov, A. S.; Malyshev, M. L. (Zh. Neorg. Khim. 23 [1978] 2601/5Google Scholar
  100. [2a]
    Abakumov, A. S.; Malyshev, M. L. Russ. J. Inorg. Chem. [Engl. Trans.] 23 [1978] 1442/4).Google Scholar
  101. [3]
    Bachmann, W. T. (Mater. Des. Eng. 64 No. 6 [1966] 106/8).Google Scholar
  102. [4]
    Agte, C; Vacek, J. (Wolfram und Molybdän, Akad.-Verlag, Berlin 1959, pp. 214/34).Google Scholar
  103. [5]
    Riche, A. (Ann. Chim. Phys. [3] 50 [1857] 5/80, 14).Google Scholar
  104. [6]
    Roscoe, H. E. (Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem. 162 [1872] 349/68).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. [7]
    Weiß, L. (Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 65 [1910] 279/340, 339/40).Google Scholar
  106. [8]
    McHale, J. J. (Ilium. Eng. [New York] 66 [1971] 280/4, discussion pp. 284/6).Google Scholar
  107. [9]
    McCarroll, B. (J. Chem. Phys. 47 [1967] 5077/82).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. [10]
    Dettingmeijer, J. H.; Tillack, J.; Schäfer, H. (Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 369 [1969] 161/77).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. [11]
    Schäfer, H.; Grofe, T.; Trenkel, M. (J. Solid State Chem. 8 [1973] 14/28).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. [12]
    van Praagh, G.; Rideal, E. K. (Proc. R. Soc. [London] A 134 [1932] 385/404).Google Scholar
  111. [13]
    Schilling, W. (ETZ Elektrotech. Z. Ausg. B 13 [1961] 485/7).Google Scholar
  112. [14]
    Brewer, L.; Bromley, L. A.; Gilles, P. W.; Lofgren, N. L. (Natl. Nucl. Energy Ser. Div. IV B 19 [1950] 276/311).Google Scholar
  113. [15]
    Kopelman, B.; van Wormer, K. A., Jr. (Ilium. Eng. [New York] 63 [1968] 176/82).Google Scholar
  114. [16]
    Shchukarev, S. A.; Kokovin, G. A. (Zh. Neorg. Khim. 9 [1964] 1309/15Google Scholar
  115. [16a]
    Shchukarev, S. A.; Kokovin, G. A. Russ. J. Inorg. Chem. [Engl. Transi.] 9 [1964] 715/8).Google Scholar
  116. [17]
    Solomon, R.; Müller, L. F.; Varian Associates (U.S. 3364087 [1964/68]; C.A. 68 [1968] No. 63746).Google Scholar
  117. [18]
    Schäfer, H.; von Schneering, H.-G.; Tillack, J.; et al. (Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 353 [1967] 281/310).Google Scholar
  118. [19]
    Schäfer, H.; Schulz, H.-G. (Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 516 [1984] 196/200).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. [20]
    Mclnnis, M. B. (Tungsten Proc. 2nd Int. Tungsten Symposium, San Francisco 1982, pp. 41/51; C.A. 98 [1983] No. 200593).Google Scholar
  120. [21]
    Bartovska, L; Cerny, C; Bartovsky, T. (Sb. Vys. Sk. Chem. Technol. Praze, Fys. Chem. N1 [1974] 7/44; C.A. 85 [1976] No. 10936).Google Scholar
  121. [22]
    Tillack, J. (Z. Anorg- Allg. Chem. 357 [1968] 11/24).Google Scholar
  122. [23]
    Bolbach, G.; Biais, J. C; Brunot, A.; Marilier, A. (Surf. Sci. 90 [1979] 65/77).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. [24]
    Biais, J. C; Bolbach, G.; Brunot, A. (Int. J. Mass. Spectrom. Ion Phys. 47 [1983] 269/73).Google Scholar
  124. [25]
    Bekmukhambetov, E. S.; Daukeev, D. K.; Zhotabaev, Zh. R.; Musurmankulov, R. T. (At. Energ. 53 No. 4 [1982] 265/6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. [25a]
    Bekmukhambetov, E. S.; Daukeev, D. K.; Zhotabaev, Zh. R.; Musurmankulov, R. T. Soc. At. Energy [Engl. Transi.] 53 [1982] 727/8).Google Scholar
  126. [26]
    Yang, L; Hudson, R. G. (EUR-4210 [1968] 575/88).Google Scholar
  127. [1]
    Langmuir, I. (J. Am. Chem. Soc. 37 [1915] 1139/67).Google Scholar
  128. [2]
    Price, D. H. (J. Sci. Technol. [London] 39 [1972] 125/30).Google Scholar
  129. [3]
    Zubler, E. G.; Mosby, F. A. (Ilium. Eng. [N. Y.] 54 [1959] 734/40).Google Scholar
  130. [4]
    Zubler, E. G.; Mosby, F. A. (U.S. 3160454 [1964] from [25]).Google Scholar
  131. [5]
    Moore, J. A.; Jolly, C. M. (GEC J. Sci. Technol. 29 No. 2 [1962] 99/106).Google Scholar
  132. [6]
    T’Jampens, G. (RGE Rev. Gen. Electr. 75 [1966] 990/6Google Scholar
  133. [6a]
    T’Jampens, G. Bull. Soc. R. Belge Electr. 83 No. 3 [1967] 274/56).Google Scholar
  134. [7]
    T’Jampens, G. R.; van de Weijer, M. H. A. (Philips Tech. Rev. 27 [1966] 173/9Google Scholar
  135. [7a]
    T’Jampens, G. R.; van de Weijer, M. H. A. Philips Tech. Rundsch. 27 [1966] 165/71).Google Scholar
  136. [8]
    Dettingmeijer, J. H.; Dittmer, G.; Klopfer, A. et al. (Philips Tech. Rev. 35 [1975] 302/6Google Scholar
  137. [8a]
    Dettingmeijer, J. H.; Dittmer, G.; Klopfer, A. et al. Philips Tech. Rundsch. 35 [1975] 324/7).Google Scholar
  138. [9]
    Coaton, J. R.; Phillips, N. J. (Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng. 118 [1971] 871/4).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. [10]
    Kirk-Othmer Encycl. Chem. Technol. 3rd Ed. 20 [1982] 811/2.Google Scholar
  140. [11]
    Römpp Chemie Lexikon 9th Ed. 3 [1990] 1718.Google Scholar
  141. [12]
    Neumann, G. M. (Thermochim. Acta 8 [1974] 369/79).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. [13]
    Harvey, F. J. (Metall. Trans. A 7 [1976] 1167/76).Google Scholar
  143. [14]
    Neumann, G. M. (Tech. Wiss. Abh. OSRAM-Ges. 11 [1973] 8/41).Google Scholar
  144. [15]
    Ullmann’s Encykl. Tech. Chem. 4th Ed. 2 [1972] 382.Google Scholar
  145. [16]
    Geszti, T.; Vicsek, T. (J. Phys. D 9 [1976] 903/12).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. [17]
    Dettingmeijer, J. H.; Meinders, B.; Nijland, L. M. (J. Less-Common Met. 35 [1974] 159/69).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. [18]
    Neumann, G. M. (Z. Metallk. 64 [1973] 26/32).Google Scholar
  148. [19]
    Gupta, S. K. (J. Electrochem. Soc. 125 [1978] 2064/70).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. [20]
    Gupta, S. K. (Proc. Electrochem. Soc. 78–1 [1978] 20/42; C.A. 89 [1978] No. 68444).Google Scholar
  150. [21]
    Kopelman, B.; van Wormer, K. A. (Illum. Eng. [N.Y.] 63 [1968] 176/82).Google Scholar
  151. [22]
    Kopelman, B.; van Wormer, K. A. (Illum. Eng. [N.Y.] 64 [1969] 230/5).Google Scholar
  152. [23]
    Yannopoulos, L. N.; Pebler, A. (J. Appl. Phys. 42 [1971] 858/62).Google Scholar
  153. [24]
    Yannopoulos, L. N.; Pebler, A. (J. Appl. Phys. 43 [1972] 2435/9).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. [25]
    Rabenau, A. (Angew. Chem. 79 [1967] 43/9Google Scholar
  155. [25a]
    Rabenau, A. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 6 [1967] 68/73).Google Scholar
  156. [26]
    Schilling, W. (ETZ Elektrotech. Z. B 13 [1961] 485/7).Google Scholar
  157. [27]
    Schilling, W. (Svetotekhnika 20 No. 12 [1968] 139A/142A).Google Scholar
  158. [28]
    Strange, J. W.; Stewart, J. (Trans. Illum. Eng. Soc. [London] 28 [1963] 91/104; discussion pp. 104/9).Google Scholar
  159. [29]
    Coaton, J. R.; Fitzpatrick, J. R. (IEE Proc. A 127 No. 3 [1980] 142/8).Google Scholar
  160. [30]
    Dittmer, G.; Niemann, U. (Philips J. Res. 36 [1981] 87/111).Google Scholar
  161. [31]
    Burgin, R.; Edwards, E. F. (Light. Res. Technol. 2 [1970] 95/104; discussion pp. 104/8).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. [32]
    Ullmann’s Encycl. Ind. Chem. 5th Ed. A 15 [1990] 129/31.Google Scholar
  163. [1]
    Schröder, J. (Chem. Eng. News 42 No. 37 [1964] 77/8).Google Scholar
  164. [2]
    Schröder, J. (Philips Tech. Rundsch. 25 [1963/64] 359/65).Google Scholar
  165. [3]
    Schröder, J.; Grewe, F. J. (Chem. Ber. 103 [1970] 1536/46).Google Scholar
  166. [4]
    Rabenau, A. (Angew. Chem. 79 [1967] 43/9Google Scholar
  167. [4a]
    Rabenau, A. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 6 [1967] 68/73).Google Scholar
  168. [5]
    Dittmer, G.; Klopfer, A.; Ross, D. S.; Schröder, J. (J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. 1973 846/7).Google Scholar
  169. [6]
    Dittmer, G.; Klopfer, A.; Schröder, J. (Philips Res. Rep. 32 [1977] 341/64).Google Scholar
  170. [7]
    Neumann, G. M.; Knatz, W. (Z. Naturforsch. 26a [1971] 863/9).Google Scholar
  171. [8]
    Neumann, G. M.; Gottschalk, G. (Z. Naturforsch. 26a [1971] 870/81).Google Scholar
  172. [9]
    Gottschalk, G.; Neumann, G. M. (Z. Metallk. 62 [1971] 910/5).Google Scholar
  173. [10]
    Neumann, G. M. (J. Fluorine Chem. 1 [1971/72] 473/86).Google Scholar
  174. [11]
    Neumann, G. M. (Tech. Wiss. Abh. OSRAM-Ges. 11 [1973] 8/41).Google Scholar
  175. [12]
    JANAF Thermochemical Tables and Addenda I-III, Dow Chemical Company, Midland, Michigan, 1965/68.Google Scholar
  176. [13]
    Kopelman, V.; van Wormer, K. A. (Illum. Eng. [N.Y.] 64 [1929] 230/5).Google Scholar
  177. [14]
    Neumann, G. M. (J. Fluorine Chem. 3 [1973] 197/208).Google Scholar
  178. [15]
    Dettingmeijer, J. H.; Dittmer, G.; Klopfer, A.; Schröder, J. (Philips Tech. Rev. 35 [1975] 302/6Google Scholar
  179. [15a]
    Dettingmeijer, J. H.; Dittmer, G.; Klopfer, A.; Schröder, J. Philips Tech. Rundsch. 35 [1975] 324/7).Google Scholar
  180. [16]
    Neumann, G. M. (Z. Metallk. 64 [1973] 117/20).Google Scholar
  181. [17]
    Neumann, G. M. (Z. Metallk. 64 [1973] 26/32).Google Scholar
  182. [18]
    Neumann, G. M. (Z. Metallk. 64 [1973] 379/85).Google Scholar
  183. [19]
    Neumann, G. M. (Z. Metallk. 64 [1973] 444/9).Google Scholar
  184. [20]
    Neumann, G. M.; Knatz, W. (Z. Naturforsch. 26a [1971] 1046/53).Google Scholar
  185. [21]
    Neumann, G. M. (J. Fluorine Chem. 3 [1973] 209/25).Google Scholar
  186. [22]
    Neumann, G. M.; Müller, U. (Tech. Wiss. Abh. OSRAM-Ges. 11 [1973] 42/54).Google Scholar
  187. [23]
    Haigh, I. (Diss. Univ. Leicester 1973 from [24]).Google Scholar
  188. [24]
    Coaton, J. R. (IEE Proc. A 127 No. 3 [1980] 142/8).Google Scholar
  189. [25]
    Hill, J. C; Dolenga, A. (J. Appl. Phys. 48 [1977] 3089/92).Google Scholar
  190. [26]
    Dittmer, G.; Niemann, U. (Philips J. Res. 36 [1981] 87/111).Google Scholar
  191. [1]
    Neumann, G. M.; Knatz, W. (Z. Naturforsch. 26a [1971] 863/9).Google Scholar
  192. [2]
    Neumann, G. M.; Knatz, W. (Z. Naturforsch. 26a [1971] 1046/53).Google Scholar
  193. [3]
    JANAF Thermochemical Tables and Addenda I—III Dow Chemical Company, Midland, Michigan, 1965/68.Google Scholar
  194. [4]
    Neumann, G. M.; Gottschalk, G. (Z. Naturforsch. 26a [1971] 870/81).Google Scholar
  195. [5]
    Neumann, G. M. (Tech. Wiss. Abh. OSRAM-Ges. 11 [1973] 8/41).Google Scholar
  196. [6]
    Gottschalk, G.; Neumann, G. M. (Z. Metallk. 62 [1971] 910/5).Google Scholar
  197. [7]
    Neumann, G. M.; Schmidt, D. (J. Less-Common Met. 33 [1973] 209/18).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  198. [8]
    Kopelman, B.; van Wormer, K. A. (Illum. Eng. [N.Y.] 64 [1969] 230/5).Google Scholar
  199. [9]
    Neumann, G. M.; Müller, U. (Tech. Wiss. Abh. OSRAM-Ges. 11 [1973] 42/54).Google Scholar
  200. [10]
    Dittmer, G.; Klopfer, A.; Ross, D. S.; Schröder, J. (J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. 1973 846/7).Google Scholar
  201. [11]
    JANAF Thermochemical Tables, 2nd Ed., Dow Chemical Company, Midland, Michigan, 1971.Google Scholar
  202. [12]
    Langmuir, I. (J. Am. Chem. Soc. 37 [1915] 1139/67).Google Scholar
  203. [13]
    Neumann, G. M. (Z. Metallk. 64 [1973] 117/20).Google Scholar
  204. [14]
    Dettingmeijer, J. H.; Meinders, B.; Nijland, L M. (J. Less-Common Met. 35 [1974] 159/69).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  205. [15]
    Neumann, G. M. (Z. Metallk. 64 [1973] 26/32).Google Scholar
  206. [16]
    Neumann, G. M. (Z. Metallk. 64 [1973] 379/85).Google Scholar
  207. [17]
    Neumann, G. M. (Z. Metallk. 64 [1973] 444/9).Google Scholar
  208. [18]
    Neumann, G. M. (J. Fluorine Chem. 3 [1973] 209/25).Google Scholar
  209. [19]
    Dettingmeijer, J. H.; Dittmer, G.; Klopfer, A.; Schröder, J. (Philips Tech. Rev. 35 [1975] 302/6Google Scholar
  210. [19a]
    Dettingmeijer, J. H.; Dittmer, G.; Klopfer, A.; Schröder, J. Philips Tech. Rundsch. 35 [1975] 324/7).Google Scholar
  211. [20]
    Neumann, G. M.; Müller, U. (J. Less-Common Met. 26 [1972] 391/7).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  212. [21]
    Rabenau, A. (Angew. Chem. 79 [1967] 43/9Google Scholar
  213. [21a]
    Rabenau, A. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 6 [1967] 68/73).Google Scholar
  214. [22]
    T’Jampens, G. (RGE Rev. Gen. Electr. 75 [1966] 990/6Google Scholar
  215. [22a]
    T’Jampens, G. Bull. Soc. R. Belge Electr. 83 No. 3 [1967] 247/56).Google Scholar
  216. [23]
    T’Jampens, G. R.; van de Weijer, M. H. A. (Philips Tech. Rev. 27 [1966] 173/9Google Scholar
  217. [23a]
    T’Jampens, G. R.; van de Weijer, M. H. A. Philips Tech. Rundsch. 27 [1966] 165/71).Google Scholar
  218. [24]
    Rees, J. M. (Light. Res. Tech. Rev. 2 [1970] 257/60).Google Scholar
  219. [25]
    Coaton, J. R.; Philips, N. J. (Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng. 118 [1971] 871/4).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  220. [26]
    Dittmer, G.; Niemann, U. (Philips J. Res. 36 [1981] 87/111).Google Scholar
  221. [27]
    Schnedler, E. (Philips J. Res. 38 [1983] 236/47).Google Scholar
  222. [28]
    Eckerlin, P.; Garbe, S. (Philips J. Res. 35 [1980] 320/5).Google Scholar
  223. [29]
    Dittmer, G.; Niemann, U. (Philips J. Res. 42 [1987] 41/57).Google Scholar
  224. [1]
    Neumann, G. M.; Knatz, W. (Z. Naturforsch. 26a [1971] 863/9).Google Scholar
  225. [2]
    Neumann, G. M.; Knatz, W. (Z. Naturforsch. 26a [1971] 1046/53).Google Scholar
  226. [3]
    Dettingmeijer, J. H.; Meinders, B.; Nijland, L. M. (J. Less-Common Met. 35 [1974] 159/69).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  227. [4]
    JANAF Thermochemical Tables and Addenda I—III, Dow Chemical Company, Midland, Michigan, 1965/68.Google Scholar
  228. [5]
    Neumann, G. M.; Gottschalk, G. (Z. Naturforsch. 26a [1971] 870/81).Google Scholar
  229. [6]
    Neumann, G. M. (Tech. Wiss. Abh. OSRAM-Ges. 11 [1973] 8/41).Google Scholar
  230. [7]
    Gottschalk, G.; Neumann, G. M. (Z. Metallk. 62 [1971] 910/5).Google Scholar
  231. [8]
    Kopelman, B.; van Wormer, K. A. (Illum. Eng. [N.Y.] 63 [1968] 176/82).Google Scholar
  232. [9]
    Kopelman, B.; van Wormer, K. A. (Illum. Eng. [N.Y.] 64 [1969] 230/5).Google Scholar
  233. [10]
    Neumann, G. M. (Z. Metallk. 64 [1973] 117/20).Google Scholar
  234. [11]
    Janaf Thermochemical Tables, 2nd Ed., Dow Chemical Company, Midland, Michigan, 1971.Google Scholar
  235. [12]
    Neumann, G. M. (Z. Metallk. 64 [1973] 26/32).Google Scholar
  236. [13]
    Yannopoulos, L. N.; Pebler, A. (J. Appl. Phys. 42 [1971] 858/62).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  237. [14]
    Yannopoulos, L. N.; Pebler, A. (J. Appl. Phys. 43 [1972] 2435/9).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  238. [15]
    Harvey, F. J. (Metall. Trans. A 7 [1976] 1167/76).Google Scholar
  239. [16]
    Zubler, E. G. (J. Phys. Chem. 74 [1970] 2479/84).Google Scholar
  240. [17]
    Zubler, E. G. (J. Phys. Chem. 76 [1972] 320/2).Google Scholar
  241. [18]
    Neumann, G. M. (Z. Metallk. 64 [1973] 379/85).Google Scholar
  242. [19]
    Neumann, G. M. (Z. Metallk. 64 [1973] 444/9).Google Scholar
  243. [20]
    Neumann, G. M.; Müller, U. (Tech. Wiss. Abh. OSRAM-Ges. 11 [1973] 42/54).Google Scholar
  244. [21]
    Neumann, G. M. (Thermochim. Acta 8 [1974] 369/79).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  245. [22]
    Yannopoulos, L. N.; Pebler, A. (J. Illum. Eng. Soc. 1 [1971] 21/4).Google Scholar
  246. [23]
    Gupta, S. K. (J. Electrochem. Soc. 125 [1978] 2064/70).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  247. [24]
    Gupta, S. K. (Proc. Electrochem. Soc. 78–1 [1978] 20/42; C.A. 89 [1978] No. 68444).Google Scholar
  248. [25]
    Geszti, T.; Vicsek, T. (J. Phys. D 9 [1976] 903/12).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  249. [26]
    Maier, G. (Tech. Wiss. Abh. OSRAM-Ges. 11 [1973] 55/9).Google Scholar
  250. [27]
    T’Jampens, G. (RGE Rev. Gen. Electr. 75 [1966] 990/6; Bull. Soc. R. Belge Electr. 83 No. 3 [1967] 247/56).Google Scholar
  251. [28]
    T’Jampens, G. R.; van de Weijer, M. H. A. (Philips Tech. Rev. 27 [1966] 173/9Google Scholar
  252. [28a]
    T’Jampens, G. R.; van de Weijer, M. H. A. Philips Tech. Rundsch. 27 [1966] 165/71).Google Scholar
  253. [29]
    Hangos, I.; Salamon, A.; Bartha, L. (Acta Tech. Acad. Sci. Hung. 78 [1974] 417/26).Google Scholar
  254. [30]
    van den Hoek, W. J.; Berns, E. G. (Light. Res. TechnoL 7 No. 2 [1975] 143/6).Google Scholar
  255. [31]
    Price, D. H. (J. Sci. & Technol. [London] 39 [1972] 125/30).Google Scholar
  256. [32]
    Gupta, S. K. (J. Appl. Phys. 42 [1971] 5855/6).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  257. [33]
    Rees, J. M. (Light. Res. Tech. Rev. 2 [1970] 257/60).Google Scholar
  258. [34]
    Coaton, J. R.; Phillips, N. J. (Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng. 118 [1971] 871/4).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  259. [35]
    Dittmer, G.; Niemann, U. (Philips J. Res. 36 [1981] 87/111).Google Scholar
  260. [36]
    Schnedler, E. (Philips J. Res. 38 [1983] 236/47).Google Scholar
  261. [37]
    Eckerlin, P.; Garbe, S. (Philips J. Res. 35 [1980] 320/5).Google Scholar
  262. [38]
    Neumann, G. M. (J. Fluorine Chem. 3 [1973] 209/25).Google Scholar
  263. [39]
    Dittmer, G.; Niemann, U. (Philips J. Res. 42 [1987] 41/57).Google Scholar
  264. [1]
    Zubler, E. G.; Mosby, F. A. (Ilium. Eng. [N.Y.] 54 [1959] 734/40).Google Scholar
  265. [2]
    Zubler, E. G.; Mosby, F. A. (U.S. 3160454 [1964] from [11]).Google Scholar
  266. [3]
    Bayle, P.; Blanc, D.; Le Strát, J. et al. (CR. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci. 258 [1964] 4710/2).Google Scholar
  267. [4]
    Bayle, P.; Blanc, D.; Le Strát, J. et al. (Lux 33 [1965] 211/4).Google Scholar
  268. [5]
    Kulkami, A. D.; Martin, J.; Sell, H. G. (Illum. Eng. Soc. 6 [1977] 100/4).Google Scholar
  269. [6]
    Dettingmeijer, J. H.; Dittmer, G.; Klopfer, A. et al. (Philips Tech. Rev. 35 [1975] 302/6Google Scholar
  270. [6a]
    Dettingmeijer, J. H.; Dittmer, G.; Klopfer, A. et al. Philips Tech. Rundsch. 35 [1975] 324/7).Google Scholar
  271. [7]
    Schilling, W. (Lichttechnik 20 No. 12 [1968] 139 A/142 A).Google Scholar
  272. [8]
    Price, D. H. (GEC J. Sci. Technol. 39 No. 3 [1972] 125/30).Google Scholar
  273. [9]
    T’Jampens, G. (RGE Rev. Gen. Electr. 75 [1966] 990/6; Bull. Soc. R. Belge Electr. 83 No. 3 [1967] 247/56).Google Scholar
  274. [10]
    Schilling, W. (ETZ Elektrotech. Z. B 13 [1961] 485/7).Google Scholar
  275. [11]
    Rabenau, A. (Angew. Chem. 79 [1967] 43/9Google Scholar
  276. [11a]
    Rabenau, A. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 6 [1967] 68/73).Google Scholar
  277. [12]
    Kopelmann, B.; van Wormer, K. A. (Illum. Eng. [N.Y.] 63 [1986] 176/82).Google Scholar
  278. [13]
    Brewer, L.; Bromley, L. A.; Gilles, P. W. et al. (in: Quill, L. L.; The Chemistry and Metallurgy of Miscellaneous Materials, Thermodynamics, National Energy Series, Div. IV, Vol. 19B, McGraw-Hill, New York 1950, pp. 276/311).Google Scholar
  279. [14]
    Neumann, G. M.; Knatz, W. (Z. Naturforsch. A 26 [1971] 863/9).Google Scholar
  280. [15]
    Neumann, G. M.; Knatz, W. (Z. Naturforsch. A 26 [1971] 1046/53).Google Scholar
  281. [16]
    Gottschalk, G.; Neumann, G. M. (Z. Metallk. 62 [1971] 910/5).Google Scholar
  282. [17]
    Neumann, G. M. (Tech. Wiss. Abh. OSRAM-Ges. 11 [1973] 8/41).Google Scholar
  283. [18]
    Tillack, J.; Eckerlin, P.; Dettingmeijer, J. H. (Angew. Chem. 78 [1966] 451CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  284. [18a]
    Tillack, J.; Eckerlin, P.; Dettingmeijer, J. H. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 5 [1966] 421).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  285. [19]
    Dettingmeijer, J. H.; Meinders, B. (Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 357 [1968] 1/10).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  286. [20]
    Tillack, J. (Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 357 [1968] 11/24).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  287. [21]
    Schäfer, H.; Giegling, D.; Rinke, K. (Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 357 [1968] 25/9).Google Scholar
  288. [22]
    McHale, J. J. (Illum. Eng. [N.Y.] 66 [1971] 280/4, discussion pp. 284/6).Google Scholar
  289. [23]
    Dettingmeijer, J. H.; Tillack, J.; Schäfer, H. (Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 369 [1969] 161/77).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  290. [24]
    Dettingmeijer, J. H.; Meinders, B.; Nijland, L. M. (J. Less-Common Met. 35 [1974] 159/69).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  291. [25]
    Neumann, G. M. (Z. Metallk. 64 [1973] 26/32).Google Scholar
  292. [26]
    Collins, C. B.; Zubler, E. G. (U.S. 3132278 [1964]).Google Scholar
  293. [27]
    Collins, C. B.; Holcomb, R. H. (U.S. 3364376 [1968]).Google Scholar
  294. [28]
    Hangos, L; Juhasz, I. (Acta Tech. Acad. Sci. Hung. 79 [1974] 101/3).Google Scholar
  295. [29]
    Ishigami, T.; Saraki, H.; Honma, M. (J. Light Visual Environ. 7 No. 1 [1983] 1/6).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  296. [30]
    Neumann, G. M. (Z. Metallk. 64 [1973] 379/85).Google Scholar
  297. [31]
    Moore, J. A.; Jolly, C. M. (GEC J. Sci. Technol. 29 No. 2 [1962] 99/106).Google Scholar
  298. [32]
    T’Jampens, G. R.; van de Weijer, M. H. A. (Philips Tech. Rev. 27 [1966] 173/9Google Scholar
  299. [32a]
    T’Jampens, G. R.; van de Weijer, M. H. A. Philips Tech. Rundsch. 27 [1966] 165/71).Google Scholar
  300. [33]
    van Tijen, J. W. (Philips Tech. Rundsch. 23 [1961/62] 226/31).Google Scholar
  301. [34]
    Shurgan, J. (U.S. 3091718 [1963], from [35]).Google Scholar
  302. [35]
    Rees, J. M. (Light. Res. Tech. Rev. 2 [1970] 257/60).Google Scholar
  303. [36]
    Strange, J. W.; Stewart, J. (Trans. Illum. Eng. Soc. [London] 28 [1963] 91/104; discussion pp. 104/9).Google Scholar
  304. [37]
    Dittmer, G.; Niemann, U. (Philips J. Res. 36 [1981] 87/111).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hermann Jehn
    • 1
  • Schwäbisch Gmünd
  • Gudrun Bär
  • Erich Best
  • Ernst Koch
  1. 1.Forschungsinstitut für Edelmetalle und MetallchemieGermany

Personalised recommendations