Petunia hybrida: In Vitro Culture and the Production of Anthocyanins and Other Secondary Metabolites

  • M. J. M. Hagendoorn
  • L. H. W. Van der Plas
  • H. S. Van Walraven
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 37)

Abstract

The South American genus Petunia (Solanaceae) consists of about 30 species. The name Petunia is derived from the Brazilian word for tobacco: petun (Sink 1984). The origin of Petunia hybrida (Fig. 1), which seems to be a hybrid of several Petunia species, is not fully understood; different Petunia hybrida cultivars may have originated from different ancestors. Restriction fragment polymorphism analysis, using the chalcon isomerase A gene, indicates that the cultivar Violet 30 (V30), with which most of the described research is carried out, is most similar to the species P. axillaris and P. parodii (Van Tunen 1990).

Keywords

Respiration Pyrolysis Pseudomonas NADPH Phenylalanine 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. J. M. Hagendoorn
    • 1
  • L. H. W. Van der Plas
    • 1
  • H. S. Van Walraven
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Plant PhysiologyAgricultural UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of Physiology and Biochemistry of PlantsIMBW, Vrije UniversiteitAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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