Onosma paniculatum: In Vitro Culture and the Production of Purple-Red Pigment

  • W. Ning
  • R. Q. Cao
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 37)

Abstract

The genus Onosma belongs to the family Boraginaceae, and comprises 150 species of perennial herbs with dark purple roots (Fig. 1). It grows on the arid south side of sandy hillsides at an elevation of 500–3000 m and is distributed mainly in Iran and other countries and districts in Asia. There are 30 species in China, mainly in Yunnan, Sichan, and Xizang provinces (Kong and Wang 1989). Two species of Onosma are of medicinal use: Onosma paniculatum Bur. et Franch (Fig. 1) and Onosma hookeri Clarke var. Longiflorum Duthie. Their root bark is a traditional Chinese medicine. It is sweet, salty, cold, has antipyretic and detoxicating properties and helps in skin rashes. It is a remedy for nettle rash, acute and chronic hepatitis, chorionepithelioma, constipation, and for inhibiting the influenza virus. In decoction, it can be used externally to treat burns, scalds, frostbite, eczema, leg ulcers, skin inflammation, gynecological inflammation, and pityriasis, when the concentrated extract is rubbed on the affected parts. This decoction from Onosma root bark used externally has few side-effects (Compiling Group 1975).

Keywords

Sucrose Influenza Immobilization MeOH Lime 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Ning
  • R. Q. Cao
    • 1
  1. 1.Biology DepartmentNanjing UniversityNanjingP.R. China

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