Liquidambar styraciflua (Sweet Gum): In Vitro Culture and the Production of Tannins and Other Phenolic Compounds

  • K. Ishimaru
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 37)


Liquidambar styraciflua, the sweet gum of eastern North America, is a deciduous tree of the Hamamelidaceae family (Fig. 1). There are six species of Liquidambar; the generic name is from the Latin liquidus, liquid, and the Arabic ambar, amber, which alludes to a fragrant resin produced by the trees (Everett 1981). The resins, having bactericidal, insecticidal, and expectorant activities, were traditionally used for hemostatic and anodynic and, in Chinese medicine, for tuberculosis and scabies (Mitsuhashi 1988). All but one species of the genus are Asian, for example, L. formosana (native to Taiwan and southern China), L. orientalis (native to western Asia), L. monticola, etc. (from China).


Cell Suspension Culture Callus Culture Condensed Tannin Casein Hydrolysate Callus Growth 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Ishimaru
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Applied Biological Sciences, Faculty of AgricultureSaga University1 Honjo, Saga 840Japan

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