Costus speciosus (Koenig) J.E. Smith: In Vitro Cultures, Micropropagation, and the Production of Diosgenin and other Phytosteroids

  • G. Indrayanto
  • W. Utami
  • A. Syahrani
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 43)

Abstract

Costus speciosus (Koenig) J.E. Smith (Cs; syn. Costus loureiri Horan.; Amomum arboreum Lour.; Banksia speciosa Koenig) is a herbaceous plant of the Zingiberaceae family, growing throughout South and Southeast Asia (Inoue et al. 1995; Wijayakusuma 1992). This plant has been used for various medicinal purposes in that region. Koenig described that Cs cultivated in Malaya (in 1778) was used for medicinal purposes (cited by Burkill 1966). The plant has various local names, e.g.: Pacing (Java); Tabar-tabar (Sumatra); Lingkuas (Celebes); Setawar (Malay); Zhiang liu tou (China); Mia do (Vietnam); Co trong bon (Thailand) and Spiral ginger (English) (de Padua et al. 1981; WHO 1990; Wijayakusuma 1992).

Keywords

Cholesterol Alkaloid Glycoside Pertussis Urticaria 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Indrayanto
    • 1
  • W. Utami
    • 1
  • A. Syahrani
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Pharmaceutical BiotechnologyFaculty of Pharmacy Airlangga UniversitySurabayaIndonesia

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