Morinda Species: Biosynthesis of Quinones in Cell Cultures

  • E. Leistner
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 33)


The genus Morinda belongs to the family Rubiaceae. Among the many species comprising this genus, six are of some pharmaceutical and technical importance (Kern et al. 1976). One of these is Morinda citrifolia which occurs in India and Southeast Asia. Its leaves and roots are used in the treatment of hypertension or as a diuretic and laxative. A more recent study (Younos et al. 1990) shows that extracts of the roots exhibit an analgesic and probably sedative effect on mice. Morinda lucida, another plant dealt with in this Chapter, grows in central Africa. Natives of central Africa use the plant as a diuretic, purgative and in the treatment of leprosy, fever, malaria, yellow fever, diarrhea and dysentery (Kern et al. 1976).


Cell Suspension Culture Naphthalene Acetic Acid Mevalonic Acid Naphthoic Acid Ring Closure Reaction 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Leistner
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Pharmazeutische BiologieRheinische Friedrich Wilhelms UniversitätBonnGermany

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