Advertisement

The Superfluidity of Liquid Helium

  • Philippe A. Martin
  • François Rothen
Chapter
Part of the Texts and Monographs in Physics book series (TMP)

Abstract

Helium is a particularly simple, stable and symmetric atom. The K shell is filled by two is electrons which are closely bound to the nucleus: its ionization potential of 24.5 eV is larger than for any other atom. Transitions between atomic levels caused by thermal excitation have a very low probability for temperatures below 103 K.

Keywords

Liquid Helium Normal Fluid Quantum Liquid Bose Statistic Superfluid Component 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. A. Messiah, Quantum mechanics, vol. II, chap. 14, North-Holland, 1976.Google Scholar
  2. C. Cohen-Tannoudji, B. Diu, F. Laloe, Quantum mechanics, vol. II, chap. 14. Wiley, 1997.Google Scholar
  3. E. Lieb, “The stability of matter”, Rev. Mod. Phys., 48, 553, 1976.MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. L. D. Landau, E. M. Lifchitz, Statistical physics, chap. 5 and 11, Perga-mon Press, 1980.Google Scholar
  5. J. M. Levy-Leblond, F. Balibar, Quantique, chap. 7, Inter Editions, 1984.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philippe A. Martin
    • 1
  • François Rothen
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Theoretical PhysicsSwiss Federal Institute of TechnologyLausanneSwitzerland
  2. 2.University of LausanneLausanneSwitzerland
  3. 3.Institute of Complex Matter PhysicsSwiss Federal Institute of TechnologyLausanneSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations