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Erkrankungen der Brustwand und der Pleura

  • N. M. Merkle
  • I. Vogt-Moykopf
  • R. G. H. Baumeister
  • C. F. Bubb
Part of the Die Praxis der Chirurgie book series (PRAXCHIR)

Zusammenfassung

Unter den Mißbildungen der Brustwand werden in der Regel angeborene Deformitäten des knöchernen Thoraxskeletts verstanden, wobei die angeborenen Deformitäten der vorderen Brustwand wie Trichterbrust oder Hühnerbrust die größte klinische Bedeutung erlangen. Verschlußanomalien des Sternums in Form der verschiedensten Sternumspalten oder auch kongenitale Rippendefekte spielen eine untergeordnete Rolle. Ihre klinische Bedeutung erlangen die Brustwanddeformitäten entweder durch eine vermeintliche Atemfunktionsstörung infolge einer gestörten Thoraxmechanik, durch eine mehr oder weniger vorhandene Verlagerung des Herzens mit Störung des venösen Bluteinstroms oder aber wesentlich häufiger als kosmetisches Problem. Betroffene Kinder empfinden sich mit der in der Regel durch das Wachstum stärker hervortretenden Deformität bei meist vorhandener asthenischer Gesamtkonstitution als „mißgebildet“. Deshalb sollten die chirurgischen Korrekturmaßnahmen auch möglichst im Vorschulalter durchgeführt werden.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. M. Merkle
  • I. Vogt-Moykopf
  • R. G. H. Baumeister
  • C. F. Bubb

There are no affiliations available

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