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Lipide

  • Hans-Dieter Belitz
  • Werner Grosch

Zusammenfassung

Zu den Lipiden gehören sowohl einfache als auch aus mehreren Bausteinen bestehende Substanzen, die bis auf eine sehr ausgeprägte Hydropho-bität und das daraus resultierende Lösungsverhalten, keine strukturellen Gemeinsamkeiten erkennen lassen. Die Lipide sind, und das ist ihr analytisches Merkmal, nur in organischen Lösungsmitteln nicht aber in Wasser löslich und können dadurch leicht von den Proteinen und Kohlenhydraten abgetrennt werden. Eine Reihe von Lipiden ist grenzflächenaktiv, da sie Bausteine mit hydrophilen Gruppen enthält. Diese Verbindungen werden als polare (amphiphile) von den neutralen Lipiden abgegrenzt. Die in Tab. 3.1 angegebenen zwei Wege zur Klassifizierung der Lipide haben sich allgemein durchgesetzt.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans-Dieter Belitz
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Werner Grosch
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Technischen Universität MünchenGarchingDeutschland
  2. 2.Instituts für LebensmittelchemieTechnischen Universität MünchenGarchingDeutschland
  3. 3.Deutschen Forschungsanstalt für Lebensmittelchemie MünchenGarchingDeutschland

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