Laser Raman Spectroscopy

  • Wolfgang Demtröder
Part of the Springer Series in Chemical Physics book series (CHEMICAL, volume 5)


For many years Raman spectroscopy has been a powerful tool for the investigation of molecular vibrations and rotations. In the pre-laser era, however, its main drawback had been lack of sufficiently intense radiation sources. The introduction of lasers therefore has indeed revolutionized this classical field of spectroscopy. Lasers have not only greatly enhanced the sensitivity of spontaneous Raman spectroscopy but they have furthermore initiated new spectroscopic techniques, based on the stimulated Raman effect, such as coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) or hyper-Raman spectroscopy. The research activities in laser Raman spectroscopy have recently shown an impressive expansion and a vast literature on this field is available. In this chapter we summarize only briefly the basic background of the Raman effect and present some experimental techniques which have been developed. For more thorough studies of this interesting field the textbooks and reviews given in [9.1–4] are recommended.


Raman Spectroscopy Raman Line Ruby Laser Raman Effect Incident Laser Beam 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 9.1
    A. Anderson: The Raman Effect, Vols. 1 and 2 (Dekker, New York 1971 and 1973)Google Scholar
  2. 9.2
    D.A. Long: Raman Spectroscopy (McGraw-Hill, New York 1977)Google Scholar
  3. 9.3
    M.C. Tobin: Laser Raman Spectroscopy (Wiley Interscience, New York 1971)Google Scholar
  4. 9.4
    A. Weber (ed.): Raman Spectroscopy of Gases and Liquids, Topics in Current Physics, Vol. 11 (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York 1979)Google Scholar
  5. 9.5
    G. Placzek: “Rayleigh-Streuung und Raman-Effekt”, in Handbuch der Ra— diologie, Vol. VI, ed. by E. Marx (Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft, Leipzig 1934)Google Scholar
  6. 9.6
    D.L. Rousseau: “The Resonance Raman Effect”, in Ref. 9.4, p. 203 ffGoogle Scholar
  7. 9.7
    H.W. Schrötter, H.W. Klöckner: “Raman Scattering Cross Sections in Gases and Liquids”, in Ref. 9.4, p. 123 ffGoogle Scholar
  8. 9.8
    E.J. Woodbury, W.K. Ny: Proc. IRE 50, 2367 (1962)Google Scholar
  9. 9.9
    G. Eckardt: Selection of Raman laser materials. IEEE J. QE-2, 1 (1966)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 9.10
    A. Yariv: Quantum Electronics. (Wiley. New York 1967)Google Scholar
  11. 9.11
    W. Kaiser, M. Maier: “Stimulated Rayleigh, Brillouin and Raman-Spectroscopy”, in Laser Handbook, ed. by F.T. Arrecchi, E.O. Schulz-Dubois (North-Holland, Amsterdam 1972) p. 1077 ffGoogle Scholar
  12. 9.12
    N. Bloembergen: Nonlinear Optics, 3rd printing (Benjamin, New York 1977)Google Scholar
  13. 9.13
    C.S. Wang: “The Stimulated Raman Process”, in Quantum Electronics: A Treatise, Vol. 1, ed. by H. Rabin, C.L. Tang (Academic Press, New York 1975) Chap. 7Google Scholar
  14. 9.14
    J.W. Nibler, G.V. Knighten: “Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy”, in Ref. 9.4, Chap. 7Google Scholar
  15. 9.15
    F. Moya, S.A.J. Druet, J.P.E. Taran: “Rotation-Vibration Spectroscopy of Gases by CARS”, in Ref. 1.9, p. 66 ff 9.16 J.P. Taran: “Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy”, in Ref.1.11a, p. 315Google Scholar
  16. 9.17
    S.A. Akhmanov, A.F. Bunkin. S.G. Ivanov, N.I. Koroteev, A.I. Kourigin, I.L. Shumay: “Development of CARS for Measurement of Molecular Parameters”, in Ref. 1.10, p. 389 ffGoogle Scholar
  17. 9.18
    P.D. Maker: “Nonlinear Light Scattering in Methane”, in Physics of Quantum Electronics, ed. by P.L. Kelley, B. Lax. P.E. Tannenwaldt (McGraw-Hill, New York 1960) p. 60Google Scholar
  18. 9.19
    K. Altmann, G. Strey: Enhancement of the scattering intensity for the hyper-Raman effect. Z. Naturforsch. 32a, 307 (1977)ADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 9.20
    A. Weber: “High-Resolution Rotational Raman Spectra of Gases”, in Ref. 9.4, Chap. 3Google Scholar
  20. 9.21
    E.B. Brown: Modern Optics (R. Krieger, New York 1974) p. 251Google Scholar
  21. 9.21a
    J.R. Downey, G.J. Janz: “Digital Methods in Raman Spectroscopy”, in Advances in Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy, Vol. 1, ed. by R.J.H. Clark, R.E. Hesters (Heyden, London 1975) pp. 1–34Google Scholar
  22. 9.22
    G.W. Walrafen, J. Stone: Intensification of spontaneous Raman spectra by use of liquid core optical fibers. Appl. Spectrosc. 26, 585 (1972)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 9.23
    H.W. Schrötter, J. Bofilias: On the assignment of the second-order lines in the Raman spectrum of benzene. J. Mol. Struct. 3, 242 (1969)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 9.24
    W. Kiefer: “Recent Techniques in Raman Spectroscopy”, in Advances in Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy, Vol. 3, ed. by R.J.H. Clark, R.E. Hester (Heyden, London 1977)Google Scholar
  25. 9.25
    L. Beardmore, H.G.M. Edwards, D.A. Long, T.K. Tan: “Raman Spectroscopic Measurements of Temperature in a Natural Gas/Air-Flame”, in Lasers in Chemistry, ed. by M.A. West (Elsevier, Amsterdam 1977)Google Scholar
  26. 9.26
    M. Lapp, C.M. Penney: “Raman Measurements on Flames”, in Advances in Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy, Vol. 3, ed. by. R.J. Clark, R.E. Hester (Heyden, London 1977)Google Scholar
  27. 9.27
    J.P. Taran: “CARS Techniques and Applications”, in Ref. 1.10, p. 378Google Scholar
  28. 9.28
    P. Dhamelincourt: “Laser Molecular Microprobe”, in Lasers in Chemis— try, ed. by M.A. West (Elsevier, Amsterdam 1977)Google Scholar
  29. 9.29
    St.K. Freeman: Applications of Laser Raman Spectroscopy (Wiley-Interscience, New York 1974)Google Scholar
  30. 9.30
    M. Lapp, C.M. Penney (eds.): Laser Raman Gas Diagnostics (Plenum Press, New York 1974)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfgang Demtröder
    • 1
  1. 1.Fachbereich PhysikUniversität KaiserslauternKaiserslauternFed. Rep. of Germany

Personalised recommendations