Advertisement

Bildgebende Verfahren

  • R. Staats

Zusammenfassung

Bei jeder Untersuchung mit ionisierenden Strahlen sind mögliche unerwünschte Nebenwirkungen zu beachten. Der Gesetzgeber verpflichtet die Betreiber von Röntgenanlagen und Störstrahlern zur Einhaltung der Röntgen-verordnung (RÖV) bzw. der Strahlenschutzverordnung (StrlSchV) beim Umgang mit radioaktiven Stoffen und beim Betreiben von Anlagen zur Erzeugung von ionisierenden Strahlen. Mit diesen Verordnungen soll der Schutz vor somatischen (z. B. Radiodermatitis), genetischen bzw. teratogenen und karzinogenen Strahlenschäden gewährleistet werden. Da für die radiologische Diagnostik der Bewertungsfaktor q dem Wert 1 entspricht, kann die Äquivalentdosis in Sievert (Sv) der Energiedosis in Gray (Gy) gleichgesetzt werden (Tabelle 5-1).

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. Al-Sugair A, Coleman E (1998) Applications of PET in Lung Cancer. Sem Nucl Med 4: 303–319.Google Scholar
  2. Bittner RC, Felix R (1998) Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the chest: state-of-the-art. Eur Resp J 11/6: 1392–1404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Boiselle PM, Patz EF Jr, Vining DJ, Weissleder R, Shepard JA, McLoud TC (1998) Imaging of mediastinal lymph nodes: CT, MR, and FDG PET. Radiographics 8/5: 1061–1069.Google Scholar
  4. Bongartz G, Boos M, Scheffler K, Steinbrich W (1998) Pulmonary circulation. Eur Radiol 8/5: 698–706.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brega PC (1988) Methods in bronchial mucology. Raven, New York.Google Scholar
  6. Chiles C, Putman CE (1997) Thoracic imaging: 1896 — present. In: Chiles C, Putman CE (eds) Pulmonary and cardiac imaging. Dekker, New York Basel Hongkong, pp 3–16.Google Scholar
  7. Drucker EA, Rivitz SM, Shepard JA et al. (1998) Acute pulmonary embolism: assessment of helical CT for diagnosis [see comments]. Radiology 209/1: 235–241.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Ferretti GR, Vuillez JP, Coulomb M (1998) Lung tumors. In: Brambilla C, Brambilla E (eds) Advances in lung cancer imaging. Dekker, New York Basel, pp 481–501.Google Scholar
  9. Grenier PA, Beigelman C (1998) Spiral computed tomographic scanning and magnetic resonance angiography for the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism. Thorax 53 (Suppl 2): 25–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Haponik EF, Aquino SL, Vining DJ (1999) Virtual bronchoscopy. Clin Chest Med 20/1: 201–217.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hartman TE (1997) High-resolution computed tomography of chronic infiltrative lung disease. In: Chiles C, Putman CE (eds) Pulmonary and cardiac imaging. Dekker, New York Basel Hongkong, pp 199–218.Google Scholar
  12. Heiken JP, Brink JA, Vannier MW (1993) Spiral (helical) CT. Radiology 189/3: 647–56.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Kohler D, Schumichen C, Daikeler G, Matthys H (1980) A new method for the measurement of regional lung ventilation. Schweiz Med Wochenschr 49: 1864–1867.Google Scholar
  14. Leung AN (1997) Spiral CT of the thorax in daily practice: optimization of technique. J Thorac Imaging 12/1: 2–10.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Leung AN (1999) Pulmonary tuberculosis: the essentials. Radiology 210/2: 307–322.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Marom EM, McAdams HP, Erasmus JJ et al. (1999) Staging non-small cell lung cancer with whole-body PET. Radiology 212/3: 803–809.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Mason GR, Effros RM, Uszler JM, Mena I (1985) Small solute clearance from the lungs of patients with cardiogenic and noncardi-ogenic pulmonary edema. Chest 88/3: 327–334.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. McLoud TC, Bourgouin PM, Greenberg RW et al. (1992) Broncho-genic carcinoma: analysis of staging in the mediastinum with CT by correlative lymph node mapping and sampling [see comments]. Radiology 182/2: 319–323.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Naidich DP, Gruden JF, McGuinness G, McCauley DI, Bhalla, M (1997) Volumetric (helical/spiral) CT (VCT) of the airways. J Thorac Imaging 12/1: 11–28.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Naiddich DP, Müller NL, Zerhouni EA et al. (1999) Principles and techniques of thoracic computed tomography and magnetic resonance. In: Computed tomography and magnetic resonance of the thorax, 3rd edn. Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia New York, pp 1–35.Google Scholar
  21. Rapoport S, Blair DN, McCarthy SM, Desser TS, Hammers, LW, Sostman HD (1988) Brachial plexus: correlation of MR imaging with CT and pathologic findings. Radiology 167/1: 161–165.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Scheuch G, Kohlhaufl M, Sommerer K et al. (1999) Diagnostic pneumology using model aerosols. Pneumologie 53/7: 329–336.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Steinert HC, Häuser M, Allemann F, Engel H, Berthold T, Schulthess GK von, Weder W (1997) Non-small cell lung cancer: nodal staging with FDG PET versus CT with correlative lymph node mapping and sampling. Radiology 202/2: 441–446.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Suh RD, Aberle DR (1998) Radiographic manifestations of pulmonary edema. In: Matthay AM, Ingbar DH (eds) Pulmonary edema. Dekker, New York Basel, pp 85–119.Google Scholar
  25. Uhrmeister P, Allmann KH, Wertzel H, Altehoefer C, Laubenberger J, Hasse J, Langer M (1999) Chest wall infiltration by lung cancer: value of thin-sectional CT with different reconstruction algorithms. Eur Radiol 9/7: 1304–1309.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Vining DJ, Liu K, Choplin RH, Haponik EF (1996) Virtual bron-choscopy. Relationships of virtual reality endobronchial simulations to actual bronchoscopic findings. Chest 109/2: 549–553.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Weber W, Young C, Abdel-Dayem HM et al (1999) Assessment of pulmonary lesions with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron imaging using coincidence mode gamma cameras. J Nucl Med 40/4: 574–578.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Staats

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations