The last decade of the 20th century is undoubtedly characterized by a multimedia revolution. A driving force for this was the introduction and spreading of the ‘personal’ computer to the consumer market during the late eighties, which was followed by the rapid expansion of the internet. Although the latter was primarily conceived as a tool for information exchange between universities, it has grown into an enormous information network, accessed by a rapidly growing number of people. The hereby related growth of multimedia communication, including speech, data, sound, pictures and video, results in an ever increasing demand for communication bandwidth combined with a larger degree of interactivity. To fill in these needs, the introduction of optical fiber into the access networks is one of today’s major challenges for public telephone operators. Due to the fierce competition in this market, powerful and low-cost opto-electronic components are the key to success. The integration of the optical interface circuits on complete system chips is one of the major issues to accomplish this challenge.
KeywordsOptical Fiber Optical Communication Balance Line Optical Communication System Optical Receiver
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