Zysten und Pseudozysten

  • G. Metzler


Kutane Zysten sind epithelausgekleidete Hohlräume, die über einen Porus mit der Epidermis in Verbindung stehen können. Die Zystenwand besteht aus Plattenepithel oder Drüsenepithel, der Zysteninhalt aus Hornmaterial oder Sekret.


infundibuläre Zyste piläre Zyste apokrines Zystadenom ekkrines Zystadenom laterale Halszyste mukoide Fingerzyste Siehe S. 492 u. 754 Steißbeinfistel Zahnfistel Dentalfistel kutaner Zahnsinus 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Greer KE (1974) Epidermal inclusion cyst of the sole. Arch Dermatol 109: 251–252PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Narisawa Y, Kohda H(1995) Cutaneous cysts of Gardner’s syndrome are similar to follicular stem cells. J Cutan Pathol 22: 115–121Google Scholar
  3. Sau P, Graham JH, Helwig EB (1995) Proliferating epithelial cysts. J Cutan Pathol 22: 394–406PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Kato N, Ueno H(1992) Two cases of plantar epidermal cyst associated with human papillomavirus. Clin Exp Dermatol 17: 252–256Google Scholar
  5. Meyer LM, Tyring SK, Little WP(1991) Verrucous cyst. Arch Dermatol 127: 1810–1812Google Scholar
  6. Soyer HP, Schadendorf D, Cerroni L, Kerl H (1992) Verrucous cysts: Histopathologic characterization and molecular detection of human papillomavirus-specific DNA. J Cutan Pathol 20: 411–417Google Scholar
  7. Leppard BJ, Sanderson KV (1996) The natural history of trichilemmal cysts. Br J Dermatol 94: 379–390CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Mones JM, Ackerman AB (1998) Proliferating trichilemmal cyst is squamous-cell carcinoma. Dermatopathology: Practice and Concept 4: 295–310Google Scholar
  9. Brownstein MH (1983) Hybrid cyst: A combined epidermoid and trichilemmal cyst. J Am Acad Dermatol 9: 872–875PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Requena L, Sanchez YE (1991) Follicular hydrid cysts. An expanded spectrum. Am J Dermatopathol 13: 228–233Google Scholar
  11. Mehregan AH, Medenica M (1982) Pigmented follicular cysts. L Cutan Pathol 9: 423–427CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Requena Caballero L, Sanchez Yus E (1989) Pigmented follicular cyst. J Am Acad Dermatol 21: 1073–1075CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Salopek TG, Lee SK, Jimbow K (1996) Multiple pigmented follicular cysts: A subtype of multiple pilosebaceous cysts. Br J Dermatol 134: 758–762Google Scholar
  14. Hürlimann AF, Panizzon RG, Burg G (1996) Eruptive vellus hair cyst and steatocystoma multiplex: Hybrid cysts. Dermatology 192: 64–66Google Scholar
  15. Lazarov A, Amichai B, Gagnano M, Halevy S (1994) Coexistance of trichostasis spinulosa and eruptive vellus hair cysts. Int J Dermatol 33: 858–859PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Moon SE, Lee YS,Youn JI (1994) Eruptive vellus hair cyst and steatocystoma multiplex in a patient with paronychia congenita. J Am Acad Dermatol 30: 275–276Google Scholar
  17. Brownstein MH (1982) Steatocystoma simplex. A solitary steatocystoma. Arch Dermatol 118: 409–411PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Patrizi A, Neri I, Guerrini V, Costa AM, Passarini B (1998) Persistant milia, steatocystoma multiplex and eruptive vellus hair cysts: Variable expression of multiple pilosebaceous cysts within an affected family. Dermatology 196: 392–396Google Scholar
  19. Plewig G, Wolff HH, Braun-Falco 0 (1982) Steatocstoma multiplex: Anatomic re-evaluation, electron micorscopy and autoradiography. Arch Dermatol Res 272: 363–380Google Scholar
  20. Plewig G, Kligman AM (moo) Acne and Rosacea, 3rd edn. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York TokyoGoogle Scholar
  21. Alessi E, Gianotti R, Coggi A (1997) Multiple apocrine hidro- cystomas of the eyelids. Br J Dermatol 137: 643–645CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ohnishi T, Watanabe S (1999) Immunhistochemical analysis of cytokeratin expression in a apocrine cystadenoma or hidrocystoma. J Cutan Pathol 26: 295–300PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Nagai Y, Ishikawa 0, Miyachi Y (1996) Multiple eccrine hidrocystomas associated with Graves’ disease. J Dermatol 23: 652–654PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Theocharous C, Jaworski RC (1993) Squamous cell carcinoma arising in an eccrine hidrocystoma. Pathology 25: 184–186PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. de-Viragh PA, Szeimies RM, Eckert F (1997) Apocrine cystadenoma, apocrine hidrocystoma and eccrine hidrocystoma: Three distinct tumors defined by expression of keratins and human milk fat globulins. J Cutan Pathol 24: 249–255Google Scholar
  26. Kurban RS, Bhawan J (1991) Cutanous cysts lined by nonsquamous epithelium. Am J Dermatopathol 13: 509–517PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Zvulunov A, Amichai B, Grunwald MH, Avinoachl, Halevy S (1998) Cutaneous bronchogenic cyst: Delineation of a poorly recognized lesion. Pediatr Dermatol 15: 277–281Google Scholar
  28. Grosshans E, Cribier B (1994) Les kystes et pseudo-kystes cutanes. Deuxieme partie. Ann Dermatol Venereol 121: 647–653Google Scholar
  29. Kurban RS, Bhawan J (1991) Cutanous cysts lined by non- squamous epithelium. Am J Dermatopathol 13: 509–517PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. deMello DE, Lima JA, Liapis H (1987) Midline cervical cysts in children. Thyroglossal anomalies. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 113: 418–420Google Scholar
  31. Kurban RS, Bhawan J (1991) Cutanous cysts lined by nonsquamous epithelium. Am J Dermatopathol 13: 509–517PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Sanusi D, Carrington PR, Adams DN (1982) Cervical thymic cyst. Arch Dermatol n8: 122–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Kurban RS, Bhawan J (1991) Cutanous cysts lined by non- squamous epithelium. Am J Dermatopathol 13: 509–517PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Tachibana T, Sakamoto F, Ito M, Ito K, Kaneko Y, Takenouchi T (1995) Cutaneous ciliated cyst: A case report and histochemical, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural study. J Cutan Pathol 22: 33–37Google Scholar
  35. Kurban RS, Bhawan J (1991) Cutanous cysts lined by nonsquamous epithelium. Am J Dermatopathol 135: 509–517Google Scholar
  36. Romani J, Barnadas MA, Miralles J, Curell R, de-Moragas JM (1995) Median raphe cyst of the penis with ciliated cells. J Cutan Pathol 22: 378–381PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Brownstein MH, Helwig EB (1973) Subcutaneous dermoid cysts. Arch Dermatol 107: 237–239PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. McCollough ML, Glover AT, Grabski WJ, Berger TG (1991) Orbital dermoid cysts showing conjunctival cpithelium. Am J Dermatopathol 13: 611–615PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Grosshans E, Cribier B (1994) Les cystes et pseudo-cystes cutanés. Ann Dermatol Venereol 121: 594–599PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Tavafoghi V, Ghandchi A, Hambrick W, Uderhelyi B (1978) Cutaneous signs of spinal dysraphism. Arch Dermatol 114: 573–577PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Jensen JL (1990) Superficial mucoceles of the oral mucosa. Am J Dermatopathol 12: 88–92PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Katayama I, Yamazaki S, Nishioka K (1993) Giant mucocele of the oral cavity as a mucocutaneous manifestation of Sjögren syndrome. J Dermatol zo: 238–241Google Scholar
  43. Cohen PR, Grossman ME (1990) Pseudocyst of the auricle. Case report and world literature review. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg u6: 1202–1204Google Scholar
  44. Glamb R, Kim R (1984) Pseudocyst of the auricle. J Am Acad Dermatol u: 58–63Google Scholar
  45. Helm TN, Valenzuela R, Glanz S, Parker L, Dijkstra J, Bergfeld WF (1992) Relapsing polychondritis: A case diagnosed by direct immunofluorescence and coexisting with pseudocyst of the auricle. J Am Acad Dermatol 26: 315–318Google Scholar
  46. Kopera D. Soyer HP, Smolle J, Kerl H (2000) Pseudocyst of the auricle/othematoma and otoseroma: Three faces of the same coin. Eur J Dermatol to: 451–454Google Scholar
  47. Bhawan J, Dayal Y, Gonzales-Serva A, Eisen R (1990) Cutaneous metaplastic synovial cyst. J Cutan Pathol 17: 22–26PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Nieto S, Buezo GF, Jones-Caballero M, Fraga J (1997) Cutaneous metaplastic synovial cyst in an Ehlers-Danlos patient. Am J Dermatopathol 19: 407–410PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Singh SR, Ma AS, Dixon A (1999) Multiple cutaneous meta- plastic synovial cysts. J Am Acad Dermatol 41: 330–332PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Choi SW, Lee Hn, Kang SJ, Kim HO (1999) A case of cutaneous endometriosis developed in postmenopausal woman receiving hormonal replacement. J Am Acad Dermatol 41: 327–329PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Ichimiya M, Hirota T, Muto M (1998) Intralymphatic embolic cells with cutaneous endometriosis in the umbilicus. J Dermatol 25: 333–336PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. Kühnl-Petzodt C, Richter D (1986) Narbenendometriose. Z Hautkr 61: 940–942Google Scholar
  53. Tidman Mj, MacDonald DM (1988) Cutaneous endometriosis: A histopathologic study. J Am Acad Dermatol 18: 373–377Google Scholar
  54. Grosshans E, Cribier B (1994) Les kystes et pseudo-kystes cutanés. Ann Dermatol Venereol 121: 594–599PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. Cioffi Ga, Terezhalmy GT, Parlette HL (1986) Cutaneous draining sinus tract: An odontogenic etiology. J Am Acad Dermatol 14: 94–100Google Scholar
  56. Spear Kl, Sheridan PJ, Perry HO (1983) Sinus tract to the chin and jaw of dental origin. J Am Acad Dermatol 8: 486–492CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Metzler

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations