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Follikelgebundene entzündliche Dermatosen

  • T. Jansen
  • C. A. Sander
  • G. Plewig

Zusammenfassung

Eine Follikulitis liegt vor, wenn sich der Entzündungsprozess am Haarfollikel orientiert. Hiervon ausgehend kann eine teilweise, später vollständige entzündliche Infiltration um den Follikel herum entstehen (Perifollikulitis). Eine Follikulitis ist häufig von einer Perifollikulitis begleitet. Die Unterscheidung von Follikulitis und Perifollikulitis ist klinisch nicht möglich und muss histopathologisch erfolgen. Ebenso wie eine Follikulitis kann auch eine Perifollikulitis zur Destruktion von Haarfollikeln und damit zur permanenten Alopezie führen. Bei einer Perifollikulitis handelt es sich gewöhnlich um eine chronische lymphozytäre Entzündung. Ein konstantes Merkmal ist ein dilatiertes, mit einem Hornpfropf ausgefülltes Follikelinfundibulum.

Synonym

Demodikidose Demodikose Pityriasis folliculorum Majocchi-Granulom Impetigo Bockart Trichomycosis candidomycetica Sycosis vulgaris Acne decalvante folliculite épilante et destructive de région velues Kontaktakne Skorbut Pili recurvati Pili incarnati akute febrile ulzerative Akne Acne maligna Hidradenitis suppurativa Aknetriade Aknetetrade Pyodermia fistulans sinifica Morbus Morbihan Mallorca-Akne rosazeaartige Dermatitis photosensitives Seborrhoid FACE (facial Afro-Caribbean Childhood eruption) Folliculitis keloidalis nuchae Folliculitis sclerotisans nuchae Dermatitis papillaris capillitii Acne necrotica Acne necrotica miliaris Acne varioliformis Elastoma intrapapillare perforans verruciforme Keratosis follicularis serpiginosa perforierendes Elastom (siehe S. 467) Morbus Kyrle sterile eosinophile Pustulose eosinophile Pustulosis Erythema toxicum Erythema neonatorum allergicum Erythema papulatum Urticaria neonatorum Morbus Fox-Fordyce Alopecia mucinosa Keratosis pilaris Keratosis suprafollicularis Lichen pilaris Pityriasis pilaris Ulerythema ophryogenes Atrophodermia vermiculata Lichen planus follicularis Siemens-Syndrom élastéidose cutanée nodulaire a kystes et a comédons aktinische Komedonen senile Komedonen 

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Jansen
  • C. A. Sander
  • G. Plewig

There are no affiliations available

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