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Technische Voraussetzungen der Herzchirurgie

  • W. P. Klövekorn
  • H. Meisner
  • F. Sebening
Part of the Kirschnersche allgemeine und spezielle Operationslehre book series (OPERATIONSLEHRE, volume 6 / 2)

Zusammenfassung

Unter den technischen Fortschritten hat die Einführung der Herz-Lungen-Maschine den weitaus größten Einfluß auf die Herzchirurgie genommen. Gibbon [53] berichtete 1937 über den ersten erfolgreichen Versuch im Tierlaboratorium. Die erste klinische Anwendung wagte 1951 Dennis [37]. 1953 konnte Gibbon [54] einen großen Vorhofseptumde-fekt bei einer 18 Jahre alten Kranken mit Erfolg verschließen. Methodische Verbesserungen brachten die Kombination des extrakorporalen Kreislaufs mit Hypothermie durch Einschalten eines Wärmeaustauschers [26] und das Prinzip der Blutverdünnung [37, 147]. In Deutschland wurden die ersten erfolgreichen Eingriffe mittels Herz-Lungen-Maschine 1958 durch Zenker et al. [145] vorgenommen. Operationen am offenen Herzen waren bis dahin nur für wenige Minuten im normo- oder hypothermen Kreislauf stillstand möglich [39]. Heute werden praktisch alle Operationen am Herzen mit Hilfe der extrakorporalen Zirkulation durchgeführt.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. P. Klövekorn
  • H. Meisner
  • F. Sebening

There are no affiliations available

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