Landslide Instrumentation and Alarm Systems

  • J. A. R. Ortigao
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter discusses instruments and instrumentation techniques applied to slope and earth retaining structures and concentrates on the philosophy of early alarm systems, based on the experience gathered in the operation of the early warning landslide alarm systems in Rio de Janeiro.

Keywords

Clay Permeability Microwave Welding Radar 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Buchanan WT, Wolosick JR, Simmonds AJ, Morrison RK (1990) Monitoring of surcharge-induced settlement at the MARTA Chamblee station. TRB Record No 1277 Soils, Geology and Foundations, Modern Geotechnical Methods: Instrumentation and Vibratory Hammers, pp 61–70Google Scholar
  2. Campanella RG, Jackson S, Ortigao JAR, Crawford CB (1994) Design and installation of a new settlement-inclinometer device. Proc Conf Settlement 94, Vertical and Horizontal Deformations of Foundations and Embankments, Texas AandM University, College Station, ASCE Geotechnical Special Publication no 40, vol 1, pp 911–922Google Scholar
  3. d’Orsi R, Ortigao JAR, Dias A, Moraes L, Santos MD (1997) Rio-Watch: the Rio de Janeiro landslide watch system. Proc 2nd PSL Pan-Am Symp on Landslides, Rio de Janeiro, vol 1, pp 21–30Google Scholar
  4. Dunnicliff J (1988) Geotechnical instruments for monitoring field performance. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Hanna TH (1985) Field instrumentation in geotechnical engineering. Trans Tech Publications, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, GermanyGoogle Scholar
  6. McRae JBM, Simmonds AJ (1991) Long-term stability of vibrating wire instruments: one manufacturer’s perspective. Proc 3rd Int Symp on Field Measurements in Geomechanics, Oslo, 9–11 September 1991Google Scholar
  7. Ortigao JAR (1975) Piezômetros hidrâulicos fabricados no IPR. Anais do Simp. de Instrumentaçäo de Campo em Mecânica dos Solos e Fundacöes, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, pp 147–178Google Scholar
  8. Ortigao JAR (2000) Rio-Watch: the Rio de Janeiro landslide watch. A guide to monitoring. Monosys, Guildford, Surrey, pp 21–24Google Scholar
  9. Ortigao JAR, d’Orsi RN (1994) Remote instrumentation of slopes in Rio de Janeiro during rainstorms. In: Oliveira et al. (eds) Proc 7th Int Symp of Engineering Geology. Balkema, Lisbon, vol 1, pp 1067–1073Google Scholar
  10. Ortigao JAR, Lacerda WA, Werneck MLG (1983) The behaviour of the instrumentation of an embankment on clay. Proc Int Symp on Field Measurements in Geomechanics. Balkema, Zürich, vol 1, pp 703–707Google Scholar
  11. Ortigao JAR, Campanella RG, Crawford CB, Jackson S (1993) The UBC Mini-inclinometer and settlement system. Solos Rochas 16 (2): 115–121Google Scholar
  12. Ortigao JAR, d’Orsi R, Brito H, Szendrodi C, Lobo A (1997) Remote instrumentation of the Itanhanga Hill. Proc 2nd PSL Pan-Am Symp on Landslides, Rio de Janeiro, vol 1, pp 121–128Google Scholar
  13. Ortigao JAR, Justi MG, D’Orsi R, Brito H (2001) Rio-Watch 2001: the Rio de Janeiro landslide alarm system. In: Ho and Li (eds) Proc 14th Southeast Asian Geotechnical Conference, vol 3, ATC3 Workshop on Rainfall and Landslides. Balkema, Hong Kong, pp 237–241Google Scholar
  14. Sweetman J, Carayol S (2001) Vibrating wire in-place inclinometers–a case history. Geotech News: 26–31Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. A. R. Ortigao

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations