Landslide Instrumentation and Alarm Systems

  • J. A. R. Ortigao


This chapter discusses instruments and instrumentation techniques applied to slope and earth retaining structures and concentrates on the philosophy of early alarm systems, based on the experience gathered in the operation of the early warning landslide alarm systems in Rio de Janeiro.


Rain Gauge Doppler Radar Alarm System Access Tube Rain Gauge Network 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

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  • J. A. R. Ortigao

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