Advertisement

Abstract

Besides providing lumber, furniture, plywood and veneer, wood is the source of pulp board and paper and of hundreds of chemicals derived from cellulose, lignin and certain resins. Wood is also a major source of the world’s fuel. The global consumption of wood reached a maximum in the 1980s; since then, this level of use has been maintained or may even be decreasing. However, the number of species offered has diminished remarkably. The largest timber resources are in the Amazon basin, Central Africa and Southeast Asia.

Keywords

Contact Dermatitis Allergic Contact Dermatitis Occupational Contact Dermatitis Acacia Melanoxylon Occupational Dermatitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adams RM, Gimenezarnau JM (1991) Allergic contact dermatitis caused by the sawdust of Grevillea robusta A. CUNN. Am J Contact Dermatitis 3:192–193Google Scholar
  2. Anonymous (1987) Health effects of exposure to wood dust: a summary report of the literature. US Department of Health and Human services, Public Health service centers of disease control, National Institutes for Occupational Safety and Health. Cincinnati, OhioGoogle Scholar
  3. Beck MH, Hausen BM, Dave VK (1984) Allergic contact dermatitis from Machaerium scleroxylon TUL. (Pao ferro) in a joinery shop. Clin Exp Dermatol 9:159–166PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Beer WE (1970) Sensitizing to Iroko wood in a wood machinist. Contact Dermatitis Newslett 7:159Google Scholar
  5. Bleumink E, Nater JP (1974) Allergic reaction to (tropical) woods. Contact Dermatitis Newslett 16:436Google Scholar
  6. Bleumink E, Mitchell JC, Nater JP (1973) Allergic contact dermatitis from cedar wood (Thuja plicata). Br J Dermatol 88:499–504PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bottenbruch S, Hausen BM, Plewig G (1988) Allergische Kontakt-dermatitis durch Honduras-Palisander (Dalbergia stevensonii STANDLEY). Aktuel Dermatol 14:164–166Google Scholar
  8. Bourne LB (1956) Dermatitis from Mansonia wood. Br J Ind Med 13:55–58PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Brasch J, Geier J, Gefeller O (1996) Dynamic patterns of allergic patch test reactions in 10 European standard allergens. Contact Dermatitis 35:17–22PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Brown PM, Thomson RH, Hausen BM (1974) Über die Inhaltstoffe von Bowdichia nitida BENTH. Liebigs Ann Chem: 1295–1300Google Scholar
  11. Burry JN, Kirk J, Reid GJ, Turner T (1973) Environmental dermatitis: patch test in 1000 cases of allergic contact dermatitis. Med J Austr 2:681–685Google Scholar
  12. Buschke A, Joseph A (1927) Über Hautentzündung, hervorgerufen durch Makassarholz, mit Berücksichtigung gewerbehygienischer Fragen. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 53:1641–1642CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Calnan CD (1972) Dermatitis from cedar wood pencils. Trans St John’s Hosp Dermatol Soc 58:43–47Google Scholar
  14. Conde-Salazar L, Garcia Diez A, Rafeensperger F, Hausen BM (1980) Contact allergy to the Brazilian rosewood substitute Machaerium scleroxylon TUL. (Pao ferro). Contact Dermatitis 6:246–250PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Correira O, Antonio Barros M, Mesquita Guimares J (1992) Airborne contact dermatitis from the woods Acacia melanoxylon and Entandophragma cylindricum. Contact Dermatitis 27:343–344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Crocker HR (1903) Diseases of the skin, 3rd edn. Lewis, London, p 418Google Scholar
  17. Cronin E (1980) Contact dermatitis. Churchill Livingstone, EdinburghGoogle Scholar
  18. Cronin E, Calnan CD (1975) Rosewood knife handle. Contact Dermatitis 1:121PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Dantin-Gallego J, Armayor AF, Riesco J (1952) Some new toxic woods. Some new manifestations of toxicity. Ind Med Surg 21:41–46PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Findlay LJ (1972) An unusual case of rosewood dermatitis of the genus Dalbergia (East Indian rosewood). Br J Ind Med 29:343–344Google Scholar
  21. Freise FW (1932) Gesundheitsschädigungen durch Arbeiten mit giftigen Hölzern. Beobachtungen aus brasilianischen Gewerbebetrieben. Arch Gewerbepathol Hyg 3:1–14Google Scholar
  22. Gallo R, Guarrera M, Hausen BM (1996) Airborne contact dermatitis from East Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia Roxb.). Contact Dermatitis 35:60–61PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Gonçalo S (1992) Allergic contact dermatitis from Bowdichia nitida (Sucupira) wood. Contact Dermatitis 26:205PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Gougerot H, Blamoutier J (1929) Dermite eczémateuse professionelle due à la poudre de palissandre. Bull Soc Med Hôp 15:739–743Google Scholar
  25. Hanslian L, Kadlec K (1965) A contribution to the problem of eczematogenic effect of Mansonia-wood. Pracovni Lekarstvi 17:392–395PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Hausen BM (1981) Woods injurious to human health. W de Gruyter, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  27. Hausen BM (1982) Häufigkeit und Bedeutung toxischer und allergischer Kontaktdermatitiden durch Machaerium scleroxylon TUL. (Pao ferro), einem Ersatzholz für Palisander (Dalbergia nigra). Hautarzt 33:321–328PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Hausen BM (1983) Aktuelle Kontaktallergene. Allergologie 6: 194–197Google Scholar
  29. Hausen BM (1985) Chin rest allergy in a violinist. Contact Dermatitis 12:178–179PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Hausen BM (1997) Allergic contact dermatitis from a wooden necklace. Am J Contact Dermat 8:185–187PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Hausen BM, Kuhlwein A (1983) Allergisches Kontaktekzem bei einer Handballspielerin. Aktuel Dermatol 9:126–130Google Scholar
  32. Hausen BM, Münster G (1983) Cocobolo-Holz, ein vergessenes Ekzematogen? Dermatosen 31:110–117Google Scholar
  33. Hausen BM, Simatupang MH, Kingreen JC (1972) Untersuchungen zur Überempfindlichkeit gegen Sucipura- und Palisanderholz. Berufsdermatosen 20:1–7PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Hausen BM, Kuhlwein A, Schmalle HW (1984) KontaktAllergic auf ein “afrikanisches Ebenholz”, Grenadil- Dalbergia melanoxylon. Aktuel Dermatol 10:221–223Google Scholar
  35. Hausen BM, Bruhn G, Tilsley AD (1990a) Contact allergy to Australian blackwood (Acacia melanoxylon R. Br.): isolation and identification of new hydroxyflavan sensitizers. Contact Dermatitis 23:33–39PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Hausen BM, Krohn K, Budianto E (1990b) Contact allergy due to colophony. VII — Sensitizing studies with oxidation products of abietic and related acids. Contact Dermatitis 23:352–358PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Hausen BM, Bruhn G, König WA (1991) New hydroxyisoflavans as contact sensitizers in Cocus wood Brya ebenus DC. (Fabaceae). Contact Dermatitis 25:149–155PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Hausen BM, Knight TE, Milbrodt M (1997) Thespesia populnea dermatitis. Am J Contact Dermat 8:225–228Google Scholar
  39. Haustein UF (1982) Violin chin rest eczema due to East Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia ROXB). Contact Dermatitis 8:77–78PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Heyl U (1966) Kontaktekzem bei Überempfindlichkeit gegen Sucupira- und Palisanderholz. Berufsdermatosen 14:239–244PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Hinnen U, Willa-Craps C, Eisner P (1995) Allergic contact dermatitis from Iroko and Pine wood dust. Contact Dermatitis 33:428PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Hjorth N (1961) Contact sensitivity to plants and balsams. Acta Derm Venereol 41[Suppl 46] :65–79Google Scholar
  43. Hoffman TE, Hausen BM, Adams RM (1985) Allergic contact dermatitis to “silver oak” wooden arm bracelet. J Am Acad Dermatol 13:778–779PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Holst R, Kirby J, Magnusson B (1976) Sensitization to tropical woods giving erythema multiforme like eruptions. Contact Dermatitis 2:295–296PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Horner S, Wigley JEM (1936) A case of dermatitis venenata due to Mansonia wood (Sterculia altissima). Br J Dermatol 48:26–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Jung HD (1967) Berufliche Kontaktekzeme durch Kambala-Teak-Holz. Dtsch Gesundheitswes 22:2141–2143Google Scholar
  47. Karlberg AT, Gäfvert E, Meding B, Stenberg B (1996) Airborne contact dermatitis from unexpected exposure to rosin (colophony). Contact Dermatitis 35:272–278PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Katzenellenbogen I (1955) Caterpillar dermatitis as an occupational disease. Dermatologica 111:99–106PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. King FE, Grundon MF (1949) The constitution of chlorophorin, a constituent of Iroko, the timber of Chlorophora excelsa. Part I. J Chem Soc 699:3348–3352CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. King FE, Grundon MF (1950) The constitution of chlorophorin. Part II. Further oxidation experiments and the completion of the structural problem. J Chem Soc 702:3547–3552CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Knight TE, Hausen BM (1992) Koa wood (Acacia koa) dermatitis. Am J Contact Dermat 3:30–32Google Scholar
  52. Knight TE, Whitesell CD (1992) Grevillea robusta (Silver oak) dermatitis. Am J Contact Dermat 3:145–149Google Scholar
  53. Krohn K, Müller H, Adiwidjaja G, Jarchow OH, Schmalle HW, Hausen BM, Schulz KH (1986) The structure of the tetraacetate of the allergen chlorophorin. Z Kristall 174:283–290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Larsen WG, Adams RM, Maibach HI (1992) Color text of contact dermatitis. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  55. MacKee GM (1913) Dermatitis venenata from Cocobolo-wood. J Cutan Dis 31:582–583Google Scholar
  56. Martin P, Bergoend H, Piette F (1980) Erythema multiforme — like eruption from Brazilian rosewood. Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Contact Dermatitis Barcelona, p 42Google Scholar
  57. May SB (1960) Dermatitis due to Grevillea robusta (Australian silky oak). Arch Dermatol 82:1006PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Meister H (1934) Über eine neue Äthiologie für Gesichtsekzeme. Schweiz Med Wochenschr 43:993Google Scholar
  59. Milbrodt M, König WA, Hausen BM (1997) 7-hydroxy-2,3,5,6-tetrahydro-3,6,9-trimethylnaphtho[i,8bc]pcyran-4,8-dione from Thespesia populnea (L.) Sol. Phytochem 45:1523–1525CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Miranda Bastos AD, de Matos Filho A (1962) A “Jacaranda” timber causing dermatitis. Proceedings of the 5th World Forest Congress, Seattle. 29 Aug-10 Sept 1960 3:1414–1416Google Scholar
  61. Mitchell JC, Rook A (1979) Botanical dermatology. Greengrass, VancouverGoogle Scholar
  62. Modlmayer H (1931) Palisander-bzw. Cocoboloholz-Dermatitis. Zentralbl Haut Geschlechtskrankheiten 36:728Google Scholar
  63. Morgan JWW, Orsler RJ (1967) A simle test to destinguish Khaya anthotheca from Khaya ivorensis and Khaya grandifolia. J Inst Wood Sci 18:61–64Google Scholar
  64. Morgan JWW, Thomson J (1967) Miscellanea (Ayan dermatitis). Br J Ind Med 24:156–158PubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. Morgan JWW, Wilkinson DS (1965) Sensitization to Khaya anthotheca. Nature 207:1101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Morgan JWW, Orsler RJ, Wilkinson DS (1968) Dermatitis due to the wood dust of Khaya anthotheca and Machaerium scleroxylon. Br J Ind Med 25:119–125PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. Nava C, Mardisio M, Priatino Vangova G, Arbosti G (1975) Aspetti della malattia di Mansonia altissima. Med Lav 66: 574–576PubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. Neisser EJ (1907) Internationale Übersicht über Gewerbehygiene nach den Berichten der Gewerbeinspektionen der Kulturländer. Bibliothek fuer Soziale Medezin no. 1, Gutenberg, Berlin, p 225Google Scholar
  69. O’Reilly FM, Murphy GM (1996) Occupational contact dermatitis in a beautician. Contact Dermatitis 35:47–48PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Orsler RJ (1969) The effect of irritant timbers. Woodworking Ind 26:28–29Google Scholar
  71. Pereira Marques MSJ (1989) Dermite de contacto a Cambala. Bol Inf Gruppo Portugues E Dermatite Contato No 3:23–24Google Scholar
  72. Pontes de Carvalho L (1956) Dos allergenos de contato nas profissöes. Brazil Med 70:77–88Google Scholar
  73. Rackett SC, Zug KA (1997) Contact dermatitis to multiple exotic woods. Am J Contact Dermat 8:114–117PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Roed-Petersen J, Menné T, Mann Nielsen K, Hjorth N (1987) Is it possible to work with Pao ferro (Machaerium scleroxylon TUL.)? Arch Dermatol Res 279:108–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Sak M, Uhrik J, Fabian J, Stracenska H, Hermanova E (1983) Dermatózy vyvolané drevinon Machaerium scleroxylon. Ceskoslovenska Dermatol 58:89–91Google Scholar
  76. Sandermann W, Dietrichs HH (1959) Über die Inhaltstoffe von Mansonia altissima und ihre gesundheitsschädigende Wirkung. Holz als Roh + Wstoff 17:88–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Sandermann W, Simatupang MH (1962) Ein toxisches Chinon aus Teakholz. Angew Chem 74:782–783CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Schmidt H (1978) Contact urticaria to teak with systemic effects. Contact Dermatitis 4:176–177PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Schmidt P (1963) Experimentelle Untersuchungen über die Sensibilisierungsfähigkeit von akzessorischen Inhaltstoffen tropischer Hölzer (Medical thesis). University of Hamburg, GermanyGoogle Scholar
  80. Schulz KH (1957) Allergische Kontaktdermatitis durch exotische Hölzer insbesondere durch Kambala-Teakholz. Berufsdermatosen 5:3–9Google Scholar
  81. Schulz KH (1967) Berufsdermatosen — ausgewählte Kapitel. Z Haut Geschlechtskrankheiten 42:449–509Google Scholar
  82. Schulz KH, Dietrichs HH (1962) Chinone als sensibilisierende Bestandteile von Rio Palisander (Dalbergia nigra) und Cocobolo (Dalbergia retusa) Holz. Allergic Asthma 8:125–131Google Scholar
  83. Schulz KH, Garbe I, Hausen BM, Simatupang MH (1979) The sensitizing capacity of naturally occurring quinones. Part II. Benzoquinones. Arch Dermatol Res 264:275–286PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Schwartz L (1931) Dermatitis venenata due to contact with Brazilian walnut wood. Public Health Rep 46:1938–1943CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Shevljakov LV (1974) Occupational skin diseases in the wood industry abroad and in the USSR. Gigiena Truda i Professionalnye Zabolevanija 18:33–36Google Scholar
  86. Steinbrink W (1950) Besondere Beobachtungen an allergischen Krankheiten. Z Gesamte Inn Med 5:311–314Google Scholar
  87. Storrs FJ, Mitchell JC, Rasmussen JE (1976) Contact hypersensitivity to liverwort in the Compositae family of plants. Cutis 18:681–686PubMedGoogle Scholar
  88. Suskind RR (1967) Dermatitis in the forest product industries. Arch Environ Health 15:322–326PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Tilsley DA (1990) Australian blackwood dermatitis. Contact Dermatitis 23:40–41PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Wilkinson DS (1968) Khaya woods. Contact Dermatitis Newslett 3:44Google Scholar
  91. Wilkinson DS (1971) (Patch)tests with different species of Khaya woods. Contact Dermatitis Newslett 9:216Google Scholar
  92. Wilkinson DS, Buddan MG, Hambly EM (1980) A 10-year review of an industrial dermatitis clinic. Contact Dermatitis 6:11–17PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. White JC (1903) Dermatitis venenata — a supplement list. J Cutan Dis 21:441–455Google Scholar
  94. Woods B, Calnan CD (1976) Toxic woods. Br J Dermatol 95 [Suppl] 13:1–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Zakaria MB, Jeffreys JAD, Waterman PG, Zhong SM (1984) Naphthoquinones and triterpenes from Asian Diospyros species. Phytochem 23:1481–1484CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Zhong SM, Watermann PG, Jeffreys JAD (1984) Naphthoquinones and triterpenes from African Diospyros species. Phytochem 23:1067–1072CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. M. Hausen

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations