The history of natural-rubber-latex (NRL) allergy is relatively short; the first case reports appeared in 1979–1980 in the European (Nutter 1979; Förström 1980) and in 1989 in the North American (Slater 1989; Spaner et al. 1989; Taylor et al. 1989) literature. During the last 10 years, NRL allergy has become acknowledged as a major occupational problem among glove-using health-care workers. In addition, several authors have paid attention to the fact that NRL allergy also frequently occurs outside the health-care environment. Populations at increased risk include not only glove-using kitchen workers and housekeeping personnel (Turjanmaa 1988; Sussman and Beezhold 1995; Taylor and Praditsuwan 1996) but also children, who may exhibit allergic reactions when blowing balloons (Axelsson et al. 1988; Sorva et al. 1995). Even patients allergic to various fruits, such as banana and avocado, may experience allergic reactions to NRL and vice versa (M’Raihi et al. 1991; Blanco et al. 1994a; Mäkinen-Kiljunen 1994; Lavaud et al. 1995).
KeywordsAllergy Clin Immunol Spina Bifida Occupational Asthma Natural Rubber Latex Hand Eczema
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Appleyard J, Mccullough J, Ownby D (1994) Cross-reactivity between latex, ragweed, and blue grass allergens (abstract). J Allergy Clin Immunol 93:182Google Scholar
- Capriles-Hulet A, Sanchez-Borges M, von Scazoni C, Medina J (1995) Very low frequency of latex and fruit allergy in patients with spina bifida from Venezuela: Influence of socioeconomic factors. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 75:62–64Google Scholar
- De Corres L, Moneo I, Munoz D, Bernaola G, Fernandez E, Audicana M, Urrutia I (1993) Sensitization from chestnuts and bananas in patients with urticaria and anaphylaxis from contact with latex. Ann Allergy 70:35–39Google Scholar
- Kelly K, Pearson M, Kurup V, Havens P, Byrd R, Setlock M, Butler J, Slater J, Grammer L, Resnick A, Fink J (1994) A cluster of anaphylactic reactions in children with spina bifida during general anesthesia: epidemiologic features, risk factors, and latex hypersensitivity. J Allergy Clin Immunol 94:53–61PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Light D, Dennis M (1989) Purification of a prenyl transferase that elongates cis isoprene rubber from latex of Hevea brasiliensis. J Biol Chem 269:9278–9283Google Scholar
- Ownby D, McCullough J (1993) Testing for latex allergy. J Clin Immunoassay 16:109–113Google Scholar
- Palosuo T, Turjanmaa K, Reinikka-Railo H (1997) Allergen content of latex gloves. A market surveillance study of medical gloves used in Finland in 1997. National Agency for Medicines, HelsinkiGoogle Scholar
- Sunderasan E, Hamzah S, Hamid S, Ward MA, Yeang HY, Cardosa MJ (1995) Latex B-serum ß-1,3-glucanase (Hev b II) and a component of the microhelix (Hev b IV) are major latex allergens. J Nat Rubber Res 10:82–99Google Scholar
- Turjanmaa K (1988) Latex glove contact urticaria. Thesis, University of Tampere, Acta Univ Tamperensis A 254:1–86Google Scholar
- Turjanmaa K, Alenius H, Mäkinen-Kiljunen S, Palosuo T, Reunala T (1995a) Commercial skin prick test preparations in the diagnosis of rubber latex allergy (abstract). J Allergy Clin Immunol 93:299Google Scholar
- Turjanmaa K, Cacioli P, Thompson R, Simlote P, Lopez M (1995b) Frequency of natural rubber latex allergy among US operating room nurses using skin prick testing (abstract). J Allergy Clin Immunol 95:214Google Scholar
- Turjanmaa K, Mäkinen-Kiljunen S, Reunala T, Alenius H, Palosuo T (1995c) Natural rubber latex allergy — the European experience. In: Fink J (ed) Latex allergy. (Immunology and allergy clinics of North America, vol 15) WB Saunders, Philadelphia, pp 71–88Google Scholar